Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 6 - hounds and dogs by blood trail.
There is no reliable documentation on the origins of the Grand Gascon Saintongeois (Virelade), but it is presumed that it originates from the cross between the "Saintonge" and the "Blue Gascon". The first Saintongeois of which we have records, date back to the mid-nineteenth century, which were used for hunting deer by noble French families. The breed at that time did not enjoy great popularity and diffusion. The breeder Joseph of Carayon Latour de Virelade, had the idea of crossing the last specimens of Saintongeois, of the count of Saint-Ligier, with the "blue Gascons" of M. de Ruble, which were descendants of those of Enrico's wetsuits IV. The products of these crossbreeds were puppies of various colors, of which, Mr. Virelade kept only black and white. The Grand Gascon Saintongeois were officially recognized as an independent breed after being presented at the Paris exhibition in 1863. In France the breed is highly appreciated for its great hunting qualities. Currently the breed is not well known and widespread in Europe.
Medium-large dog. Its construction has more elegant lines than those of the "Gascon". Its head is thin, light and long. Its muzzle is particularly long; the ears are also long and attached low. Her neck is thin. The chest has a large capacity. The limbs are very robust. Its tail is medium in length and curved upward. The expression of a typically French breed is reflected in its physiognomy and its behaviors, in its sweet and confident appearance.
It is a very experienced breed in the job. It has a very particular voice when it is chasing prey. It is a very quick and enterprising breed. It is more docile than the "Grand blu de Gascogne". He has a great desire to please the owner and a great learning ability. Mute dog par excellence, it symbolizes the high specialization of two breeds of which it is the product.
Grand Gascogne-Saintongeois (photo www.princedegascogne.com)
Grand Gascogne-Saintongeois (photo http://wamiz.com)
- males between 63 and 70 cm
- females between 60 and 65 cm.
Weight: varies from 27 to 32 kg.
Trunk: deep thorax, well descended. The last ribs, a little short, sometimes give the hips a slightly greyhound look. Long and well-supported back. Kidney sometimes a little long, slightly rounded, sufficiently muscular. Belly long enough, but slightly retracted. Also quite horizontal.
Head and muzzle: fairly dry, elongated, with an average pronounced stop. Long muzzle, generally straight, but sometimes slightly sheepish. Fairly drooping lips, the upper ones cover the lower ones. Elongated skull, ogival shape, rather narrow, but without exaggeration. Pronounced occipital protuberance.
Truffle: clearly black, open and well developed.
Teeth: upper jaw that covers exactly the lower one. Complete teeth in development and number.
Neck: of medium length and thickness, it has very thick, a little dewlap.
Ears: attached above the eye line and far enough back, leaving the skull free. They are thin, fine, crumpled and must reach the end of the truffle with the tip.
Eyes: brown, preferably dark brown and sometimes slightly covered.
Limbs: wide forelegs, strong forearms, well perpendicular. Posterior well in perpendicular, with fairly large thighs. Hocks close to the ground. The foot is oval in shape.
Shoulder: long, slightly sloping and well muscled. Elbows well directed backwards.
Pace: easy and loose. Pretty quick at a gallop.
Tail: long, thicker at the root than at the end. Well inserted, rounded shape, worn with elegance.
Skin: it is pink under the white fur, black under the black fur. Palate and black testicles.
Hair: short and thick.
Allowed colors: the bottom of the coat is white, more or less speckled with black and with spots of the same color. Some subjects have black coats. Two spots are often located on the two sides of the head, and cover the ears, wrap the eyes and stop at the cheeks. These are of a fiery color, preferably pale, blend at the edges with the speckled white where they end.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, defective incisor teeth, too light eyes, subjects with signs of depigmentation, non-standard measures, colors not allowed, very marked stop, clear truffle, badly worn or short ears, shy character, aggressive attitude, short muzzle, long neck , white skin, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect gait, defective rear end.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it