Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 8 - retriever dogs, hunting dogs, water dogs.
We don't know much about which breeds that crossed each other gave rise to the German Spaniel (Deutscher Wachtelhund - German Spaniel). These crossings were made both by hunters and by breeder F. Roberth. Both tried to create a hunting dog of great resistance and very agile at the same time. The product was excellent, a well-established breed on the morphological and character level was created, which nevertheless improved in the early twentieth century. The ideal environment for this breed is made up of marshes and woodland environments. It is considered an excellent human auxiliary in these hunting places. The breed has never become a great breed of dog racing, but in its work it is unmatched. Its original name "Deutscher Wachtelhund" means "quail dog".
Medium-small size dog. With the exception of the size and length, it is reminiscent of the "German long-haired set dog". In order for this small bearer of heavy weights to maintain balance in carrying a hare or a fox, it needs a proportionate length and robustness of the trunk. It must have a good bone structure and be muscular, while maintaining the appearance of its breed; it can neither be high and raised on the limbs, nor heavy and low: it must rather be a dog with clean lines, long-boned muscles with strong muscles, long withers, short backs, long and solid kidneys. It looks like a dog rather long than short. It must be strong and resistant to withstand the longest hunting days in the most difficult terrains and in the snow.
It is a hunting dog for woods and swamps, its use on the plains is considered a fallback. For this hunter in the bushes, the stop is not the result of a breeding selection, but the result of training and driving action. It is a dog suitable for the search for lost game, it is capable of working in the water and in the thicket. It always has while looking for the trace. It has a great sense of smell. Its aggression on biting animals is highly developed. Many German Spaniels are capable of ensuring a solid grip and strangling them. Quite fond of your master.
German Spaniel (website photo)
German Spaniel (website photo)
German Spaniel (photo http://home.tiscali.dk/erwin1)
- males between 48 and 54 cm
- females between 45 and 51 cm.
Weight: from 20 to 30 kg.
Trunk: line of the back longer than the height at the withers measured at the brim. High and long withers. Very short and solid back, it does not lower behind the withers. Short kidney, but wide and deep, muscular and slightly arched. Flat and long croup. Chest, in front, not narrow, oval outline. Belly and hips dating moderately to the rear, after the last ribs.
Head and muzzle: thin, with thin, non-falling leprosy. Skull and muzzle of approximately the same length; flat cranial vault, not too wide. No major occipital protuberance; stop almost imperceptible. Frontal median sulcus absent. The sheepskin cane is appreciable.
Truffle: important, widely open nostrils.
Teeth: robust teeth in good occlusion. Scissor closure.
Neck: robust, but consistent with the breed, not too short, without a trace of dewlap, outlined in elegant lines from the chest and back.
Ears: attached high and wide, flat, hanging right in front of the eye, not too long.
Eyes: preferably dark brown, intelligent, expressive, of medium size, almond-shaped, placed on the side and oblique.
Limbs: straight front, solid and powerful, are placed vertically on the ground. Posterior with wide connection of the thighs to a long rump, width still increased by the longer hairs of the fringes that form like shorts. Well angled and very robust hock.
Shoulder: the shoulder blade and the humerus form an angle of about 90 °.
Tail: attached high, carried straight or leaning during rest, never stiffened upwards, strongly agitated in the presence of game.
Hair: long, resistant, thick, wavy, not too long, and even less too light or too silky. The hair must be slightly curled or flat, well adherent to the body.
Allowed colors: two varieties: one color dark brown and brown-roan.
Most common defects: strongly marked stop, defective position of the teeth, ectropion, too abundant lips, cuts below 42 cm, subjects high on the limbs with light bones with too short back, floating shoulder, deformed limbs, black coat, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, prognathism, enognatism, incorrect movement.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it