Breeds of dogs: Jamthund

Breeds of dogs: Jamthund

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Sweden.
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs

The Jamthund breed (Swedish Elkhound) officially recognized in 1946. It is a very ancient and well-defined breed, known since northern Sweden was inhabited. The reason for this late recognition is due to the fact that in the past this breed was confused with the Norwegian Norsk Elghund. The Jämthund is mainly a moose hunting dog, but in the past it was also used for hunting lynx and lynx, and for this reason it must be particularly strong and resistant.

General aspect

It is a large Spitz with pure lines that can be inscribed in a rectangle. It is of solid constitution, but also agile and of good performance. The body must be neither too long nor too heavy.


Courageous and energetic dog, but also calm and impassive.

Jamthund (photo

Jamthund (photo

Jamthund (photo


- males 61 cm at the withers
- females 56 cm at the withers
(Tolerance of more or less 4 cm).

Trunk: powerful, with elegant lines. The length slightly exceeds the height at the withers. wide rump, only slightly inclined; straight back the slight slope backwards; large and highly developed lumbar region; well-descended chest, with well-belted ribs; lower abdomen line slightly retracted.
Head and muzzle: rather long, with pure lines, relatively wide between the ears. Slightly rounded skull. Net stop without being too pronounced. The length of the muzzle, from the stop to the end of the nose, is slightly less than the distance between the stop and loccipite. It gradually tapers towards the truffle. Seen from above or in profile it must not be pointed but truncated. Straight nasal bridge, wide and strong.
Teeth: perfect regular and complete scissor joint
Neck: pure lines, powerful, of good length.
Eyes: slightly oval in shape, brown in color, with a cute but calm expression.
Ears: high set, pointed, straight, with a firm pavilion. Mobile and longer than wide. Inner face very covered by fur.
Limbs: front with long shoulder blade and very inclined backwards. Elbow well adherent to the body. Straight, dry forearm with strong bone structure. Strong front feet, slightly oval, straight forward. Fingers tightened. Hindquarters seen from behind, the hind limbs are parallel. Grassella well angled. Well angled hock. Hind feet as the front.
Gait: energetic and loose gaits. Wide strides. By increasing the speed the feet move closer to the median plane of the body.
Tail: high hairline, medium length, uniform thickness. Flow rolled (without however forming a curl tail) above or on the sides of the back. Thick hair but without fringes.
Hair: rather lying hair of cover without being flattened. Under short, sweet, light-colored fur, preferably cream. Short on the head and front of the limbs, the hair is longer on the neck, chest, thighs, on the back of the limbs and in the tail.
Allowed colors: from light gray to darker gray. Characteristic spots of light gray or cream color are found on the lateral faces of the muzzle, on the cheeks, in the chinstrap, in the abdomen, in the limbs and under the tail. These marks are described as wolf marks. "
Most common defects: well-defined unbroken white stripe running from the chinstrap to the tip of the sternum, prominent eyes, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, tooth deficiencies, incorrect gait, insufficient musculature, rickets, weak back.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Jämthunds Rico and Aina - Swedish Elkhounds - Jämthund Breeder (September 2021).