Information

Dog breeds: King Charles Spaniel

Dog breeds: King Charles Spaniel

Origin, classification and history

Origin, classification and history
Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 9 - companion dogs.

This breed derives from the small Spaniels that existed in England since the seventeenth century, used both as hunters and as companion dogs, and preferred by court ladies. One of these small dogs was found in the folds of Maria Stuarda's skirt after her beheading. Its probable progenitors are the Japanese Spaniels ("Chin") given by Portuguese missionaries to the princess of Portugal, wife of Charles II. Breeders of this type of dog, well aware of the health problems that afflict this dog, are very careful to limit them as much as possible. The breed, however, has undergone a sharp decline and today it is not very represented: it remains what it has always been, an "elite race" that must be purchased only if you really fall in love with it.

General aspect

It is an elegant and compact "Toy Spaniel" with a square structure. Unfortunately, in this breed, the exaltation of the type has brought some drawbacks: the eyes are particularly delicate, which must always be kept clean, and the ears, easy to irritation and ulceration. Due to the very short nasal bridge it can have respiratory problems, especially in the heat. Females have difficulty giving birth naturally. The breed today is divided into four varieties according to the color: black and tan, ruby, blenheim and tricolor.

Character

Very sociable and very cheerful dog. Breed "happy to live". In general, this breed is quieter than its cousin, the "Cavalier". It is an excellent companion for children. He bears all the children's tricks with extreme patience. At home it is really clean and discreet; it is not a bark. It is a dog that must live in the house, while performing the right physical exercise.

King Charles Spaniel (website photo)

King Charles Spaniel (website photo)

Standard

Weight: the standard indicates only the ideal weight, which ranges from 3.6 to 6.3 kg.

Trunk: compact, with a well proportioned construction and fair relationships. Squared structure.
Head and muzzle: large skull in proportion to the size, domed, full above the eyes; the muzzle very short and raised. Stop well defined.
Truffle: black in color.
Teeth: good development, correct teeth. The jaw should not show any deviations. The closing of the teeth is slightly prognostic, but it must absolutely not stick out the tongue.
Neck: of right proportions.
Ears: attached low, they are carried hanging along the cheeks, long and well fringed.
Eyes: very large and dark, well spaced.
Limbs: short and straight, muscular.
Shoulder: well proportioned and with the right inclination.
Musculature: good development.
Tail: well fringed, it must never be brought above the level of the back; can be amputated.
Hair: long, straight and silky. A slight ripple is allowed. Limbs, ears and tail are well fringed.
Allowed colors: depending on the variety, black and tan (black and tan), intense red combined (ruby), with brown spots on a pure white (blenheim) or tricolor background.
Most common defects: jaw deviation, non-standard measurements, light eye, incorrect gait, badly worn ears, badly worn tail, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, depigmented truffle, weight higher or lower than that indicated by the standard, short hair, atypical head, atypical, defective rear end, insellato back, excessive or insufficient angles, small or narrow skull.

curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it


Video: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel - CHARACTERISTICS and CARE (September 2021).