Breeds of dogs: Landseer

Breeds of dogs: Landseer

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Norway.
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher, schnauzer, molossoid and Swiss cattle dogs.

The Landseer breed is very similar to the "Newfoundland". Its particular coat color has led us to believe that it was the result of the selection of "Terranova" in this variety. This theory, however, is not very reliable since even if crossing for generations of white-black "Newfoundlands" it could not have been possible to prevent the birth of some person with a single-colored black coat. The Norwegians deny this theory, while declaring that the two breeds may have had contact points in the past and claiming that they are the result of completely autonomous evolutions and selections. Its name was given to it by the painter Edwin, who painted a famous painting with a black and white Newfoundland. Breed very common in Norway and Sweden. Little known in Italy.

General aspect

Large, robust dog with harmonious shapes. The limbs, especially in the male, are relatively longer than those of the black "Newfoundland". Its gait is wide and slightly swaying on the front. Its coat is quite long and black and white in color, typical of this breed.


Very similar to the character of the "Newfoundland", but not the same. Very fond of water. It is a very resistant breed, since it is selected in the cold climates of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Accustomed to taking long walks in the woods and on the icy marine shores. It is an austere and reserved breed. This breed has a more marked temper than the "Newfoundland", also in relation to the more robust physique. Although the two breeds, Landseer and “Terranova”, have the same use, they do not have a similar character. You must always keep its hair clean and free of parasites. Coat care is paramount in this breed.

Landseer (photo

Female with Landseer puppy (photo


- males between 72 and 80 cm at the withers
- females between 67 and 72 cm at the withers
(small differences more or less are tolerated).

Trunk: its trunk, measured from the withers to the tail, must be roughly twice the length of the head. Its back must be taut and straight, very broad and robust from the shoulders to the rump. The rib cage, with powerful and circled ribs, is well fused with the wide and deep chest, between two very muscular shoulders. The belly is slightly retracted. Between the belly and the lumbar region, with strong muscles, a flat depression of the hip region must be clearly visible. The croup must be broad, rounded off by a powerful cushion of muscle.
Head and muzzle: it must be broad and massive, with the occipital bone well developed. The nose-frontal jump must be clear, but less pronounced and abrupt than that of the "San Bernardo". The length of the muzzle is equal to its depth at the height of the nose-frontal jump. Dry lips. The structure of the head must be well defined, but of noble expression, with the cheeks moderately developed and well blended with the region of the muzzle. The skin of the skull is without folds and covered with short and fine hair.
Truffle: black pigmented truffle like the lips.
Teeth: complete and correct teeth, with scissor bite.
Neck: in cross section, the neck is not round, but slightly oval. It is muscular, wide on the nape of the neck, where it joins the shoulders and the chest, slender towards the head. The presence of dewlap in the throat or neck is not desirable.
Ears: medium in size, facing towards the eyes, triangular in shape, slightly rounded at the bottom. Covered with short and fine hair, with long fringes only on the back of the hairline.
Eyes: medium size, medium sunken, dark brown in color, even if light brown is tolerated. Almond cut, conjunctiva not visible.
Limbs: front with strong muscle masses from the shoulder region surround a powerful humerus which is joined by the strong bone of the limb with a correct angle. The limbs are perfectly straight and muscular. The elbows adhere to the deepest part of the rib cage, they are positioned quite high and oriented exactly backwards. The whole limb, up to the hock, is slightly elastic. Sturdy rear. The limbs must be able to move freely. They must have strong bones and powerful muscles. Large and well-formed legs, called "cat-like".
Shoulder: very muscular.
Pace: loose and easy.
Musculature: very well developed.
Tail: strong, reaches maximum under the hock; it is garnished with thick, compact fur, but not in the shape of a flag.
Hair: with the exception of the head, the hair must be long, as smooth and thick as possible, fine to the touch, mixed with the undercoat.
Allowed colors: bright white with discontinuous black spots on the trunk and rump. The neck, belly, chest, legs and tail must be white. The head is black. The white muzzle with a symmetrical white patch, not too large, elongated at the ends, must be considered by the breeder a fixed target.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, colors not allowed, white head, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, too close eyes, clear eyes, incorrect movement, ambit, belly strongly retracted, lack of angle, vaccinism, non-standard measures.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -