Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: RACE NOT RECOGNIZED
The history of the Italian Wolf begins in 1966, from a puppy born from the cross between a German shepherd and a wild she-wolf from the Apennines of Upper Lazio. The specimen, which was called Zorro, is to be considered the progenitor of the Italian Wolf breed. Subsequently, through a strict genetic programming, the intermediate characteristics were fixed permanently and were transmitted, in thirty years, in a homogeneous and constant way.
In the case of a breed like this, born from important genetic contributions by the wolf, it is essential that, in addition to the morphological identity, there is balance in the psychic characteristics obtained and above all that there is compatibility with man.
The Italian Wolf, a protected breed whose marketing and reproduction are prohibited outside the protection body, is bred - non-profit - by the Protection Body Italian Wolf (ETLI - President Mario Messi) and is entrusted free of charge to organizations, associations and people who undertake to use it only for civil protection purposes or in any case in the public interest.
The State Forestry Corps mainly uses this dog, although some foresters still use the German Shepherd. The Italian Wolf when he accompanies the forest patrol is always safe and reliable. He has a strong aptitude for avalanche rescue tasks, under rubble and in particular for finding people and even missing animals. There are just over 500 existing specimens.
The Italian Wolf breed dog appears robust, resistant to fatigue and shows remarkable sensory acuity: qualities that, together with the external aspect, bring it closer to the wolf.
Overflowing with liveliness, with a proud and independent character, he obeys out of conviction, never out of servility. He is very affectionate with the people he lives with, to whom he becomes fond of exclusively; he is wary of strangers and has a strong sense of ownership and defense of the people entrusted to him.
Its strength and grip power are extraordinary. The characteristics of originality, homogeneity, constancy and balance also on the genetic, morphological and psychic level, make it an exemplary case in the history of the breeds and in the man-environment relationship.
Italian Wolf (photo www.lupoitaliano.it - Body for the protection of the Italian Wolf)
Stefania Belmondo godmother of the Italian Wolf
Jocelyne Pointeau that in the Cairo earthquake of 1992 with the Italian wolf Lougy
saved a person buried for over three and a half days (photo www.lupoitaliano.it)
- males from 60 to 70 cm
- females from 58 to 65 cm.
Trunk: robust, not too long, well-descended chest, well built, forming a sinuous and particularly harmonious profile between the lines of the throat, chest, breastbone and belly; straight back-lumbar line; croup not too low.
Head and muzzle: dry and well shaped; typical wolf muzzle, slightly refined towards the tip; strong jaw and jaws;
Teeth: scissor teeth, robust and very white.
Ears: medium-sized ears, perfectly prepared and perfectly parallel when the attention is awake, very mobile according to the moods and movements of the animal.
Eyes: medium size, rather oblique, not protruding, never too dark, preferably with a golden background; intense and loyal expression.
Limbs: perfectly spliced, very strong but dry, they must not give the impression of excessive heaviness at all; the hindquarters are not too angled.
Tail: rather long and well-stocked, but without exaggerations; keeping base and leaning at rest and alert, it rises with a harmonious and not excessive curve when the animal is in agitation, without its main axis ever reaching vertical; it must be worn gracefully and freely.
Pace: loose and light; the animal, even of the maximum size and weight, must give both the step and the trot and the gallop, which is tight and fast, an impression of elegant strength, recalling the pace of the wild wolf; feature the aligned position of the footprints when the trot is fast; oval foot. The set of the trunk and limbs highlights the looseness and power of the joints and insertions with results of great functionality in terms of shoulder and hip movements.
Hair: of medium length and hardness, smooth or somewhat wavy limited to the trunk and thighs, finer and shorter on the head and limbs, with thick undercoat in those who live outdoors.
Color: gray, marked variant, more or less dark with a background in different shades from subject to subject up to the fawn or beige; even with dark saddle; well-defined ruff; belly, limbs, especially in the lower, inner and rear parts of the lighter thighs: gray or rust gray, light fawn or beige; in each type of coat a small white spot on the chest is allowed; seasonal variations.
by the Italian Wolf Protection Authority www.lupoitaliano.it