Origin, classification and history
Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 3 - terriers.
The Norfolk Terrier has the same origins as the "Norwich", since the two breeds differ only in one character. Originally from Norfolk County, from which it takes its name. The birth of the breed is indicated on September 22, 1964, the day on which the Standard was approved by the English Kennel Club. The breed in the United States was recognized as a settling breed only in 1979, with a modest number of registered members. In continental European countries the spread of this dog is very limited. In Italy the breed is known only for the importation of some subjects. In all likelihood this terrier derives from random crossings made by farmers who owned small fawn and black-and-tan terriers. The progenitor of the breed was identified in a fawn male named "Rags", who possessed the genetic characteristics typical of the breed.
Small dog, small, low on the limbs, ardent, compact and robust. It has a short back, is of good substance and good bone. In this breed the honorable scars reported on the job and in the legitimate fights are admitted. Very solid canine with the right proportions and ratios. He has a hard and bristly coat. He must be able to live outdoors, walking daily. His coat of rough and straight hair makes him appear even more collected and powerful. Its fur must be cared for, cleaned and periodically maintained in excellent condition.
It is an ever vigilant and never fearful breed. His vigilance is continually solicited. This small dog has always been selected for hunting wild animals considered harmful and for chasing rats in the countryside and also at home. Consequently, this selective aspect is always alert and always ready to catch any kind of rustle. He must never be fearful. It is a dog with a very brave but not reckless. It is almost never intrusive or cheeky. Of affable disposition, not quarrelsome and of great temperament.
Norfolk Terrier puppies (photo www.norfolkterrier.org)
Norfolk Terrier (photo www.norfolkterrier.org)
Norfolk Terrier (photo www.norfolkterrierclub.org)
Height: ideal size from 25 to 26 cm at the withers.
Trunk: short, compact back, straight back and well-circled chest.
Head and muzzle: broad and slightly rounded skull with good space between the ears. Strong muzzle, wedge-shaped, about a third less than the length between the occiput and the lower edge of the stop, which must be well marked; tight lips; robust jaws.
Truffle: black in color.
Teeth: strong, quite large, scissor bite.
Neck: robust and medium length.
Ears: medium size, V-shaped, with slightly rounded tips, folded forward.
Eyes: oval and deeply inserted. Dark brown or black in color. Attentive, ardent and intelligent expression.
Limbs: short, robust and straight. Well muscled hindquarters with well angled knees; low hocks and, seen from behind, parallel, capable of great propulsion. Round feet with thick plantar pads.
Shoulder: dry, well inclined backwards, almost the same length as the forearm.
Sailing point: sure, grazing and of good push.
Musculature: excellent development.
Tail: it is of medium length to give the dog a balanced appearance, thick at the root, tapers to the tip, as straight as possible and carried with panache, but without excessive liveliness.
Hair: hard, bristly, straight and close to the body. Longer and brisk on the neck and shoulders.
Allowed colors: all shades of fawn, wheat red, black and tan or graying. White spots or patches are not desired, but allowed.
Most common defects: non-standard sizes, colors not allowed, too large white spots, deviated jaw, prognathism, enognatism, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect movement, insufficient rear angles, badly worn ears, shy character, fearful attitude, long trunk, insellated back line, atypical , depigmentation of the truffle, soft hair, muscle bands on the back which are not very strong and not very tense.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it