Dog breeds: Parson Jack Russel Terrier

Dog breeds: Parson Jack Russel Terrier

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Great Britain.
F.C.I classification: Group 3 - terriers.

The origin dates back to England in 1795, and more precisely Darthmout (Devon). Jack Russell spent most of his life as a pastor in Swymbridge parish. Knight emeritus and great hunter devoted himself passionately to the breeding and selection of terriers. He selected a type of dog capable of running with the "Foxhound" and then going underground to flush out the foxes or animals that were hunted. The breeds developed were two, one long-legged (the Parson Jack Russell), and one short-legged (the Jack Russell), which has recently been recognized.

General aspect

Terrier suitable for work, active, agile, well proportioned, built for speed and endurance. Rustic terrier built for work even under the ground, resistant to both heat and cold temperatures; usually has no particular health problems.


These terriers are very useful in stables, where they hunt mice and keep horses company, with which they easily make friends. Essentially it is a utility terrier, tenacious and rustic, especially qualified for working underground and for accompanying hounds. The character is daring and gentle, making it very popular as a companion dog, but it should not be purchased so lightly because it is a real working dog, which does not like a sedentary and inactive life. Thanks to its rusticity, it has no problems living outdoors, it adapts well to apartment life, as long as you have spaces where you can vent your innate energy and willingness to work.

Parson Jack Russel Terrier (photo

Parson Jack Russel Terrier (photo


- ideal males 35 cm;
- ideal females 33 cm.

Trunk: well proportioned, built for speed and endurance.
Head and muzzle: of right ratios and proportions. Full muzzle and strong jaws. Well proportioned skull.
Truffle: dark in color.
Teeth: complete and correct teeth.
Neck: proportionate.
Ears: they are small, "V" shaped, falling forward and adhering to the head, the fold must not exceed the top of the skull.
Eyes: almond-shaped, they are rather sunken between the orbits, dark in color, with an expression full of liveliness.
Limbs: in perfect perpendicularity; robust and muscular.
Tail: it is strong, straight, attached high. It is customary to cut it to a length proportionate to that of the body while leaving enough to offer a good grip in case it is necessary to grasp them with your hand.
Hair: naturally ruffled, tight and dense; it can be both smooth and hard.
Allowed colors: completely white or white with tan, lemon or black spots, preferably limited to the head or the root of the tail.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, incorrect movement, defective rear end, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, aggressive or shy character, underdeveloped muscle masses, badly worn tail, badly worn ears, colors not allowed by the standard, non-standard sizes, clear eyes, limbs not straight.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Jack Russells - Best of Breed (September 2021).