Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.
The Norsk Elghund (Chien d’elan norvégien - Norwegischer Elchhund) is the Norwegian moose dog. It is a breed originally from the taiga, that is, from the immense forests of Norway. Archaeological finds dating back to the Stone Age have been found showing fossil skeletons of dogs similar to the current Elghund. These dogs also accompanied the Vikings on their travels. Over the centuries they have always been used for hunting deer, elk, wolf and roe deer. The International Cynological Federation has distinguished two breeds on the basis of some characteristics: the black Norsk Elghund (n. 268) and the gray Norsk Elghund (n. 242).
Black Elghund exists only in Norway, while gray is also present in the rest of Europe.
Norsks are spitzes of just below average size; the black race is usually lighter than the gray one. It has a compact and short trunk. It has a dense coat, but not matted. It has pointed ears and a rolled tail on the back. Its appearance is of a typical Nordic hunting dog.
This dog is a tireless hunter. He has a great predatory instinct. He always works with his head held high to follow the olfactory traces, and when they spot the prey they start barking insistently. This type of dog is very robust in health and never gives problems. It can live very well both at home and in the garden. It is sweet, but not very docile. He is an exuberant predator.
Norsk Elghund Gray (photo www.hunde.de)
Norsk Elghund Gray (photo www.dogskipper.de)
- males 52 cm at the withers
- females 49 cm at the withers.
- males about 23 kg
- females about 20 kg.
Trunk: withers, rump and back broad and straight from the withers to the tail. Muscular kidney and short hips. Wide and deep breast, with well rounded ribs. Lower line slightly raised.
Head and muzzle: skull wide between the ears, the forehead and the back of the skull are slightly rounded. Stop clearly marked, but not too pronounced. Straight nasal bridge. Moderately long spindle, wider at the base, progressively tapers towards the truffle without being pointed. Lips tight.
Truffle: black in color.
Teeth: complete dentition in number and development. Strong jaws.
Neck: medium length, firm, muscular and well worn.
Ears: high set, firm and straight, slightly longer than wide, pointed.
Eyes: not prominent, as dark as possible. Frank, bold and friendly expression.
Limbs: firm, rigorous and perpendicular limbs, with good bone structure. Compact feet.
Shoulder: well inclined.
Pace: energetic and fast enough.
Musculature: excellent development.
Tail: high hairline. Well rolled up on the back but never carried to the side. Thick and dense hair.
Hair: thick, abundant, rough and taut.
Allowed colors: gray in different shades, black fur on the top, light gray on the chest, abdomen, limbs and lower part of the tail. Any shade other than gray is not desirable and colors that are too light or too dark should be avoided. Pronounced spots on limbs and feet are not desirable.
Most common defects: any deviation from what is listed above must be considered a defect to be penalized according to its severity.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it