Breeds of dogs: Little Bernese Hound

Breeds of dogs: Little Bernese Hound

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Switzerland.
F.C.I classification: Group 6 - hounds and dogs by blood trail.

Small smooth-haired Bernese Hound - Berner Niederlaufhund Glatthaar
Small wirehaired Bernese Hound - Berner Niederlaufhund Rauhhaar
The origins of the Little Swiss Hound are common to all the other Little Hounds in Switzerland. The idea of ​​creating new breeds smaller than those already existing in Switzerland came up at the beginning of the 20th century, when the hunting reserve system was introduced in this region. Since the medium-sized Swiss Hounds would have been too fast in these areas, it was decided to create these new smaller-sized breeds. There are several breeds of "Small Swiss Hounds", which differ in the color and texture of the coat.

General aspect

Small dog. It is a "reduction" of the Swiss Hounds. Inscribed in a rectangle, which is very close to the square, of medium length. It is a dog of powerful constitution. Medium sized head. The ideal size at the withers for small hounds is 36-38 cm. The Little Hounds exist in the varieties:
- short, smooth and lying hair, finer on the head and ears;
- hard-haired, lying down, with little undercoat.


And a small multipurpose Hound. Rather robust breed, fragile and resistant at the same time. Very fine nose. Passionate about hunting. He can smell and follow the track while giving voice, with a sonorous and harmonious tone. With a lively and calm temperament. Lovable dog. He never proves fearful or aggressive.

Small smooth-haired Bernese Hound (photo

Small smooth-haired Bernese Hound (photo

Small haired and hard haired Bernese Hound (photo


Height: from 33 to 41 cm at the withers for both males and females.

Trunk: inscribed in a rectangle. Very tonic and muscular. Of excellent constitution.
Head and muzzle: the head is medium in size, dry, noble.
Truffle: always black in color. With nostrils well open.
Teeth: strong, complete and correct teeth.
Neck: quite strong and well inserted.
Eyes: oval in shape and intelligent expression, they have dark iris.
Ears: they have a low, rather backward attachment. They are rather narrow at the base, folded with elegance and drooping capacities, well fitting to the head. Of fine texture, they are covered with fine fur.
Limbs: straight, very solid and robust. Excellent musculature in the hindquarters. Angles not excessive or insufficient, feet well proportioned to the limbs. Black nails.
Musculature: excellent development.
Tail: it is attached low in the extension of the croup, of medium length, it extends at least until the hock.
- short, smooth and lying down, finer on the head and ears;
- hard, finer on the head and ears.

Allowed colors:
tricolor white, black and tan.
Most common defects: dog too long or too compact, badly worn ears, twisted tail, badly worn tail, depigmented truffle, clear eye, incorrect teeth, enognatism, prognathism, incorrect movement, lack of premolars, light bone, insufficiently developed musculature, defective rear end, defective colors, colors not allowed, non-standard sizes, small feet, flexed metacarpals, limbs not perpendicular, fearful or aggressive character, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -