Breeds of dogs: Pinscher

Breeds of dogs: Pinscher

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Germany.
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher, schnauzer, molossoid type dogs and Swiss cattle dogs.

The origins of the Pinscher are ancient. He is the great-grandson of the "German Ratte", an ancient dog. Some like to call it a reduced version of the "Dobermann". In reality it is absolutely not a copy of the Dobermann reduced by selection, but derives from the Pinscher proper of medium size. In the mid-nineteenth century, hard-haired subjects also appeared in the litters, along with short-haired ones. The club that protected the breed took measures and decided that only subjects who had descended for at least three generations with short hair could be registered in the Origins Book. This allowed to have effective results and to stabilize the breed. Until a few decades ago it had been included, as classification, in group 9, that is, in companion dogs, then it was brought into the group of utility dogs; this change is also right given his gift as an excellent guardian.

General aspect

Medium-sized dog, dolichomorphic dolichocephalus. Its structure is robust with a well distributed muscle mass and built in the square. It has a smooth and short hair.


Elegant and light dog. It has highly developed sensory organs. He has good intelligence and a strong aptitude for learning. His perseverance is one of the fundamental elements of his temperament. It has good disease resistance. It is a breed with qualities that make it an excellent, albeit small, watchdog. But he is not only a good caretaker, in fact he also has a pleasant character and, given his small size, he is suitable for living in an apartment. He is an excellent companion for the whole family.

Pinscher (photo

Pinscher (Brio, Cora and Ariel best breeding group 2002/2003

Pinscher (photo


Height: varies from 43 to 48 cm.

Trunk: it is not very wide. Its length is approximately equal to that of the height at the withers. It has a slightly steep back. Compact construction.
Head and muzzle: elongated. The muzzle is pointed. The total length of the head is about 1: 2 with the length of the back.
Truffle: on the same line as the nasal barrel, black in color.
Teeth: regularly aligned and complete in number; it must have a well-fitting scissor bite.
Neck: slender, erect and solid. Free of dewlap.
Skin: adherent to the body in all its points.
Limbs: both hindquarters and forelegs must be perpendicular to the oblique and flat shoulder blades. They must have a solid constitution. The skeleton is light, but well proportioned to the size of the dog.
Musculature: robust, especially on the limbs.
Upper line: rigid and straight.
Tail: with high attachment. It is usually amputated at the height of the third vertebra.
Proportions: trunk length equal to the height at the withers. Building in the square.
Hair: of equal length throughout the body; always smooth, short and thick. Preferably polished.
Allowed colors: deer red and black and tan, in the international standard.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, cryptorchidism, monorchidism, massive construction, high or low on the limbs, hanging of the ears too low, elongated back, short muzzle, long feet, dewlap, amble, color mixes.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

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