Dog breeds: Miniature Pinscher

Dog breeds: Miniature Pinscher

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Germany.
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher, schnauzer, molossoid and Swiss cattle dogs.

The Zwergpinscher (Miniature Pinscher) is a breed with ancient origins. He is the great-grandson of the "German Ratte", an ancient dog. Some like to call it a reduced version of the "Dobermann". In reality it is absolutely not a copy of the Dobermann reduced by selection, but derives from the Pinscher proper of medium size. In the mid-nineteenth century, hard-haired subjects also appeared in the litters, along with short-haired ones. The club that protected the breed took measures and decided that only subjects who had descended for at least three generations with short hair could be registered in the Origins Book. This allowed to have effective results and to stabilize the breed. Until a few decades ago it had been included, as classification, in group 9, that is, in companion dogs, then it was brought into the group of utility dogs; this change is also right given his gift as an excellent guardian.

General aspect

Small dog, dolichomorphic dolichocephalus. Its structure is robust with a well distributed muscle mass and built in the square. It has a smooth and short hair. Dog with a clear profile and harmonious lines.


Elegant and light dog. It has highly developed sensory organs. He has good intelligence and a strong aptitude for learning. His perseverance is one of the fundamental elements of his temperament. It has good disease resistance. It is a breed with qualities that make it an excellent, albeit small, watchdog. But he is not only a good caretaker, in fact he also has a pleasant character and, given his small size, he is suitable for living in an apartment. He is an excellent companion for the whole family.

Miniature Pinscher (photo

Miniature Pinscher (photo


Height: from 25 to 30 cm at the withers.

Trunk: it is not very wide. Its length is approximately equal to that of the height at the withers. It has a slightly steep back. Compact construction.
Head and muzzle: elongated. The muzzle is pointed. The total length of the head is about 1: 2 with the length of the back.
Truffle: on the same line as the nasal barrel, black in color.
Teeth: regularly aligned and complete in number; it must have a well-fitting scissor bite.
Neck: slender, erect and solid. Free of dewlap.
Ears: attached high. They can fall back into a folded "V" shape or be naturally erect; if amputated they are brought upright. Some Zwergs also carry their uncut ears upright.
Eyes: they are dark, of medium size.
Limbs: both hindquarters and forelegs must be perpendicular to the oblique and flat shoulder blades. They must have a solid constitution. The skeleton is light, but well proportioned to the size of the dog.
Proportions: trunk length equal to the height at the withers. Building in the square.
Musculature: robust, especially on the limbs.
Upper line: rigid and straight.
Tail: with high attachment. It is usually amputated at the height of the third vertebra.
Hair: of equal length throughout the body; always smooth, short and thick. Preferably polished.
Allowed colors: uniform brown, black and brown, two-tone with well defined dark tan.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, cryptorchidism, monorchidism, massive construction, high or low on the limbs, hanging of the ears too low, elongated back, short muzzle, long feet, dewlap, amble, color mixes.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

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