In the dog's coat, especially long-haired ones, knots and tangles often form, the dust settles on it and consequently they frequently need to be brushed, to prevent knots in the coat and an unnecessary scratching of the animal. For long-haired dogs we will use a comb with wider teeth (about 2 mm apart) which allow us to untie the knots.If brushing it is not possible to untie the knots then we should cut them by inserting the comb under the knot.
For short-haired dogs it is more comfortable to use a bristle glove that allows us to polish the outer coat and at the same time remove the undercoat and leave the fur soft and shiny.
The basic operation for dog hygiene is the bathroom. There are no precise rules for how often to wash the animal, but it should be done approximately every two months.
If we notice that the animal is afraid of water, we must not immerse it forcefully, but must be approached progressively, and the same must be lukewarm.
It is better to use a specific shampoo or one for children. Start to wet it with a shower or with a bucket, and you start to soap it from the tail towards the head, making sure that the soap does not get into the ears or eyes.
After having rinsed it thoroughly, you will need to squeeze the hair gently to let out as much water as possible, and finally it will dry with a towel or, but with caution to get used to the noise, with the hairdryer, and to finish make it run to activate the circulation, of course not outdoors if the weather is cold.
Cutting the nails and cleaning the legs
It is a delicate operation and not particularly difficult at the same time, especially if the dog cooperates, however, for the first few times it is better to seek advice from the veterinarian.
Too long nails represent a handicap for the dog who lives on smooth ground such as marble or painted wood floors. The cut must be done with a nail cutter or with a wire cutter. You must be very careful not to touch the flesh of the nail, an easy thing if it is visible, very difficult and therefore be very careful, if it is dark and does not reveal the living part !.
The frequency with which the operation depends on where the dog lives: the more time he spends on smooth ground where he does not have the possibility of scratching, the greater the frequency of the operation. Paws should also be checked frequently to prevent dirt deposits.
If the dog often licks his paw it is because he has some problems, it will be necessary to examine it carefully to find that there are no cuts or that he has nothing stuck in his fingers or in the fur around.
Cleaning the ears
Good ear hygiene involves first removing the hair that obstructs the ear orifice: the best system, even if a little wild, is to take a tuft of hair between the thumb and index finger and pull gently but firmly outwards, repeat the operation until the ear it is not clear.
Under normal conditions a dog produces a certain amount of ear wax which favors bacterial infections. To remove the ear wax that accumulates on the inner surface of the auricle, use cotton swabs moistened with special products on the market, and follow the shape of the ear.
DO NOT PUT THE STICK INSIDE THE EARS
To clean the ear canal, it is advisable to contact the specialist who will adopt the best solution.
If we notice that he often scratches his ears and shakes his head violently, it is better to go to the veterinarian, it can mean that something in his ears bothers him.
Check that the dog's eyes do not have redness or excessive watering, if you notice that the animal crinkles often, check it more carefully it could have inflammation.
To prevent the onset of ailments, it is sufficient to keep the dog's eyes clean by passing slightly around the eye, going from the end closest to the nose to the external one, a sterile gauze pad soaked in eye bath solutions (boric water, emollient infusions such as chamomile).
It is not advisable to use cotton wool as it can lose threads that could go into the dog's eye.
It is advisable to clean the dog's mouth, at least weekly, which will keep the teeth healthy and limit that unpleasant odor that the breath takes over time.
Cleaning can be done in two different ways: use a soft bristle pediatric brush soaked in a solution recommended by the veterinarian or in a glass of warm water where a teaspoon of baking soda has dissolved, passing the brush over the teeth with a rotating movement , accustom him to this operation gradually.
Another possibility is to wrap the sterile gauze in the index finger, the finger is often tolerated more than the brush, soaked in the same products.
To prevent the formation of tartar or at least to limit its deposit, it is advisable to give the dog dry bread to nibble on as chewing hard food involves very useful dental frictions, or serve him with a specific fluoride bone for the onset of tartar.
When the tartar is consistent, to remove it, the veterinarian must do it with the animal's anesthesia.
Teeth cleaning (photo http://magazin.mydog365.de/)