Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - shepherd dogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs).
The Schipperke is a Flemish dog. The progenitors of this dog were also known in areas of France and Holland. Documents testify to its presence in the 17th century in the Saint-Géry district in the city of Brussels. In this period the fashion was born to prefer dogs that were born with short tails; this feature was so well established that in the second half of the nineteenth century the breed was created with this particularity. In addition to the guard, these dogs were also used for hunting rats that infested cities. The breed was recognized in 1882, the year in which a not very large group of specimens were presented at the Spa exhibition. The name Schipperke seems to derive from the word "skipper" which means "boat" or according to some it could derive from "sheep- perke ", which would mean" little shepherd ". In his home country he is nicknamed "little black demon". Quite widespread in France, Belgium and Holland, but not excessively, and also in many continental European countries.
Small dog. The peculiarity of this breed is the total absence of a tail. Very well built and harmonious dog, despite the absent tail. It has a thick black hair. It has a large chest on the front. Its construction is short and stocky. Its head is typically wolf-like. He has ears erect and facing forward. Its skull is broad and its muzzle is tapered. Its standard does not indicate the height at the withers. On display the Schipperke are divided into three categories based on weight.
Excellent little watchdog, faithful, does not make friends with strangers. Restless, agile, tireless, always interested in everything that happens around him, jealous of the things he must guard; very sweet with children, knows the uses of the house and is always curious to know what happens, betrays his emotions by raising his mane and barking loudly, seeks the company of horses, hunts for moles and other animals, can be used for the hunt indicates the rabbit holes, hunts rabbits and hares in the woods. Daring, curious, attentive and alert. He lives in perfect harmony with the owners.
Schipperke (photo www.schipperke.be)
Schipperke (photo www.schipperke.be)
Weight: there are three categories:
- light from 3 to 4 kg
- medium from 4 to 5 kg
- heavy from 5 to 9 kg
Trunk: chest wide on the front, wide behind the shoulders, deep; belly quite raised. Straight back, horizontal, seems higher in front because of the mane. Broad and robust kidneys.
Head and muzzle: similar to that of the fox. Quite wide skull, which narrows towards the eyes; slightly rounded seen in profile. Muzzle paraded, not too long, little pronounced stop.
Teeth: with good closure.
Neck: strong, carried upright.
Ears: straight, small, triangular, attached high, lobes large enough that they can bend only in length, very mobile, they approach when they are erect.
Eyes: dark brown, full, more oval than round, neither sunken nor protruding, with a lively and sharp gaze.
Limbs: perfectly straight, well below the body, with fine bones. Small, round and compact feet, with straight, strong and short nails, not hooked. Very wide, long and muscular thighs; hocks close to the ground.
Shoulder: oblique and mobile.
Pace: rhythmic and casual.
Hair: thick and consistent to the touch, satin on the ears, short on the head, on the front of the limbs and on the hocks; quite short on the trunk, but which extends around the neck starting from the outer edge of the ears forming mane and jabot, which continues between the front limbs and also on the back of the thighs, where it forms culottes, with points facing inwards.
Allowed colors: Black-pack.
Most common defects: light eyes, ears too long or rounded, head narrow and elongated, head rounded or too short, hair not very thick, hair wavy or silky, absence of mane and panties, hair too long, teeth not aligned, ears semi-erect, white hairs at birth, enognatism, prognatism, incorrect movement, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it