Breeds of dogs: Shikoku

Breeds of dogs: Shikoku

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Japan.
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.

This particular breed originates from the mountainous region of Kochi prefecture. In fact, this breed was called "Kochi Ken", that is Kochi dog. There are three varieties of this breed: the Awa, the Hata and the Hongawa, it was the latter that maintained the highest degree of purity. The reason for this purity in the Hongawa variety is that the breed comes from a region with very difficult access. The breed was recognized by the International Cynological Federation and was even declared a "national monument" as early as 1937. It is currently a very rare breed in Europe, highly appreciated and known in Japan. The subjects living outside of Japan are all dogs imported for dog shows.

General aspect

Medium sized dog. Very well proportioned. Very typical appearance of Japanese dogs of this type. His limbs are perfectly straight and very solid. Its tail is rolled up on the back, covered with very thick hair. In some morphological aspects it is similar to "Hokkaido" and "Kai", always breeds originating in Japan. Typical of the breed is also its particular color of the hair called "sesame", of various shades.


This dog was bred mainly for boar hunting. He is an incredibly energetic and cute dog. Equipped with a resistance beyond the norm. His senses are very acute. He is a truly passionate hunting dog. Very docile with the owner. Agile enough and with a lot of tenacity. Also suitable for hunting in mountainous regions without difficulty.

Shikoku (photo

Shikoku (photo

Shikoku (photo


- males 52 cm at the withers
- females 46 cm at the withers.
- males
- females

Trunk: medium length, of good proportions. Coasts quite well circled and chest of sufficient depth.
Head and muzzle: typical of Japanese Asian Spitz type dogs. Skull-to-muzzle ratio of about 1: 1, parallel skull-facial axes.
Truffle: nostrils well open. Large and dark.
Teeth: fully developed and complete also in number. Scissor closure.
Neck: robust. Well glued between the shoulders.
Ears: they are small, triangular, kept straight and slightly inclined forward.
Eyes: they are relatively small, triangular, well spaced, dark brown in color.
Arts: arts clearly designed and well developed. Excellent muscle development in the hindquarters.
Shoulder: with good inclination and well welded.
Pace: with fairly wide strides.
Musculature: excellent development.
Tail: attached high, thick, carried on the back with the formation of a well-curled or sickle-shaped curl.
Skin: fairly well fitting to the body in all its parts.
Hair: the coat is double, with rough and straight covering hair and soft and dense undercoat. The hair of the tail is rather long.
Allowed colors: sesame (equal mixture of white and black hairs), black sesame (with prevalence of black hairs over whites), red sesame (bottom of the red coat mixed with black hairs).
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, non-standard size, colors not allowed by the standard, sesame very tending to white, tail carried straight, hocks with excessive angle, saddled back line, hanging ears, depigmented truffle, short hair, short hair on the tail, aggressive character or shy, fearful attitude, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, clear eye.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Shikoku dog, Shikoku Inu (September 2021).