Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.
German Spitz are very old dogs. They are the direct descendants of the "Canis familiaris palustris rutimeyer", who lived in the peat bogs at the Stone Age and by the Spitz who already existed at the time of the stilt houses. The German names of the different varieties are: Wolfspitz (Giant), Grossspizt (Large), Mittelspitz (Medium), Deutscher Kleinspitz (Small) and Zwergspitz (Nano).
All German spitz are characterized by smooth and soft fur; rich in undercoat. They have a tight collar around the head and a thick plume on the tail. Hair needs attention and care, especially for show subjects.
They are very affectionate and very loving dogs with their owner. Cheerful and jovial dogs, but rather reserved with strangers. They are mainly companion dogs, and the larger breed varieties have a strong attitude towards guarding. Being very intelligent, they are easily trainable. They are excellent companions for children. They are dogs that tend to gain weight with extreme ease, therefore, the person who cares for them, must always be careful about feeding. They are very robust dogs. The smaller size Spitz are "apartment dogs", but the larger ones can very well live in the garden.
Small German Spitz (photo http://de.academic.ru/)
Small German Spitz (photo www.deutsche-spitze.de)
Height: 25-28 cm.
Trunk: the trunk is quite compact, but well proportioned. Note the excellent muscle.
Head and muzzle: the head resembles that of the fox. Wide and round forehead. The muzzle is not very long and starting from the skull it tapers towards the tip of the nose.
Truffle: the truffle must always be black in color.
Teeth: the teeth must always be complete and correct.
Neck: neck erect and well inserted.
Ears: erect and triangular.
Limbs: they are of medium length, in right proportion with the trunk, which is in the square, and in perfect perpendicularity.
Musculature: good development.
Tail: carried gracefully rolled on the back (one of the fundamental characteristics of the breed).
Hair: smooth and soft, rich in undercoat; thick collar around the head and thick plume on the tail.
Allowed colors: White; brown or black; orange, gray and other colors. Each variety is divided into sub-varieties of color.
Most common defects: dog high on limbs, incorrect movement, defective rear, defects of teeth, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, head not similar to that of the fox, badly worn ears, depigmented truffle, clear nails, light eye, excessive or little visible angles, shy character, obesity .
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it