Dog breeds: Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

Dog breeds: Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Australia.
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (excluding Swiss Cattle Dogs).

Being a very poorly bred type of dog, the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog has also been little studied, and therefore we do not have much documentation on its history. The most affirmed hypothesis is the following: the Stumpy would be the product between the "Dingo" and the "Scottish short-haired shepherds", a cross made in the mid-nineteenth century. "Dalmatian" blood may also have been introduced during its evolution. Through selection, a typical character has been established for this "breed", ie the absence of the tail.

General aspect

Medium-sized dog, very well built, very well proportioned and with fair relationships. Very solid and very resistant structure.


The breed has high aptitudes in the management of the flock, a task for which it has always been selected. Very good dog at work. He is also a good guard dog, suitable for supervising the property. He immediately warns the owner in case of danger within his territory. Dog that requires daily physical exercise and to be outdoors as much as possible. His physical endurance is one of his best qualities.

Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog (photo WLH)

Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog


- males between 46 and 51 cm
- females between 43 and 43 cm.

Head: strong, straight, in harmony with the other proportions of the dog and corresponds to the general conformation. The skull is broad, slightly convex between the ears. The skull gradually becomes flat, heading towards a light but sharp stop.
Black truffle.
Muzzle: off the fill under the eyes, gradually tapers towards the nasal bridge.
Nasal bridge: medium length, high, powerful, parallel to the line of the skull.
Lips: dry and well drawn.
Cheeks: muscular, not coarse or prominent.
Jaw: strong, thick and well developed; healthy teeth, regularly spaced, scissor joint. The teeth must be in excellent condition.
Eyes: dark brown in color, oval in shape and medium in size, not prominent or sunken between the orbits. They must express vivacity and intelligence typical of this breed. At the approach of foreigners it is characteristic to see a veil of warning or distrust.
Ears: moderate in size, small rather than large, broad at the base, muscular, erect, moderately pointed, not spoon-shaped or bat-wing shaped. Well spaced at the base, they tilt outwards. Sensitive minimal noise and erect when the dog is alert. The pavilion must be thick and the interior very well equipped with fur.
Neck: extremely strong, muscular, of medium length, it widens to merge with the body; baleen absent.
Body: length from the tip of the sternum to that of the buttock higher than the height at the withers in the proportion of 10/9.
Back line: horizontal.
Back: strong.
Chest: well-descended, muscular and of moderate width.
Lumbar region: broad and muscular and strong.
Dorso-lumbar region: solidly attached.
Croup: long and inclined.
Tail: attack moderately low, in continuation of the contour of the sloping croup. At rest, it hangs forming a very slight curve. In action or when the dog is excited, it can be raised, but in any case no part of the tail must go beyond the vertical that passes through its attack; equipped with abundant hair (brush).
Front limbs: with strong and round bone up to the feet. They must be strong and parallel when viewed from the front. Shoulders: strong, oblique, muscular, well-angled relationship to the arm and not too close to the top of the withers. Metacarpals: soft, seen in profile, slight angle to the forearm.
Hindquarters: broad, strong and muscular. Seen from behind, in rear, of the hock at the feet, they are straight and parallel, not closed or too open.
Thighs: long, wide and well developed.
Hock: strong and well descended.
Feet: round and with short toes, strong, well arched and tightly closed. The bearings are hard and thick. The nails should be short and strong.
Cloak: smooth, double coat with short and dense undercoat. The covering hair is tight, with smooth, hard and flat hairs, so as to be waterproof. Under the body, up to the back of the limbs, the fur is longer and forms a sort of coulotte without excess at the thighs. On the head and in the front of the limbs and feet, the hair is short. On the neck, it is longer and thicker.
The color must be blue, marbled blue or mottled blue, with or without marks. The marks allowed are black, blue or tan spots on the head, preferably equally distributed. The forelegs are fire-colored up to mid-height, with the tan color extending on the front up to the bib and the throat, with tan spots on the muzzle. Tan color inside the front limbs and inside the thighs, which appears on the front of the grassella and widens towards the outside of the hind limbs from the hock to the fingers. Admitted fawn undercoat on the neck as long as it is not visible through the blue covering hair. No black spots are sought on the body. Red with black spots: the color must be made up of small, equally distributed red spots, including the undercoat which is neither white nor cream, darker red spots on the head. Look for spots equally distributed on the head.
Pace: frank, loose, soft and easy. The movement of the shoulders and forelegs is in harmony with the powerful push of the hindquarters. At the trot, the feet tend to approach ground level as the speed increases, but when the dog is immobilized the four limbs must be in perpendicularity.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: Stop!! Puppy Biting!! NOW!! Australian Cattle dog blue heeler (September 2021).