Origin, classification and history
Origin: Great Britain (Wales).
F.C.I classification: Group 1 - sheepdogs and cattle dogs (excluding Swiss cattle dogs)
Historians claim that the Celts already bred this type of dog about 3000 years ago. According to some, it was these barbarians who imported the breed to the British Isles. Unfortunately, like many other breeds, we have no information on their ancestors. Its morphological characteristics immediately make one think of origins in common with the "German Dachshund". Although the attitudes of the latter are completely different from Corgi, the "Dachshund" is a den dog instead the Welsh Corgi is a shepherd dog, the possibility of a distant relationship is not a hypothesis to be discarded. Corgi's cradle of origin was Wales. The Welsh Corgi is divided into two breeds: the "Cardigan" and the "Pembroke". Some authors in particular believe that the "Cardigan", older than the "Pembroke", may have descended from a Welsh shepherd dog crossed with "Buhund" and "Vallhund", brought by the Vikings during their raids on the British Isles. Originally the Welsh Corgi Cardigan was called "Ci-llathed", which in Welsh means "dog along a yard", in fact the length of the Corgi, measured from the tip of the truffle to the end of the tail, corresponds to the Welsh yard, which is a little longer than the English one. The names of the Corgi indicate the places of origin. "Welsh" means "Welsh"; "Corgi" is a word made up of "cor", which means to gather, gather, keep together, and "gi" which means "dog"; the following names indicate the area: Cardigan refers to the province of Cardiganshire. This type of dog is identified by many people as "the dog of the Queen of England". Fairly known in all European countries. Well bred also in Italy.
Small dog, elongated and very low on the limbs, vigorous construction, ready and active. Corgi's expression must be as similar as possible to that of a fox. The body of the Cardigan measures 91 cm from the tip of the muzzle to the end of the tail. The skull is quite wide and flat between the ears. The ears are larger in the Cardigan than in the Pembroke. In the male the testicles must have a normal shape and be well descended into the scrotum.
Corgi are very cheerful and very nice dogs. They are some of the most suitable dogs for children. They are dogs born as shepherds and herdsmen, but they are also used in hunting and guarding. They are excellent companion dogs, very suitable for staying with the family. They are dogs very suitable for life in the home or even in the apartment, because they are clean and very polite. Very intelligent and sensitive dogs. As regards health, one must be careful that the back is not subjected to great efforts, but otherwise they are very robust dogs. Equipped with great balance. He knows how to impose his authority on a flock with much calm and phlegm.
Welsh Corgi Cardigan (photo http://whatafy.com)
Welsh Corgi Cardigan (photo www.welsh-corgi-cardigan.de)
Welsh Corgi Cardigan (photo Muu-karhu)
Height: as close as possible to 30 cm at the withers.
- males from 10 to 12 kg
- females from 9 to 11 kg.
Trunk: moderately broad chest with prominent sternum. Quite long and strong body with deep chest, well-circled ribs and well-marked waist.
Head and muzzle: it must be similar to that of a fox in shape and appearance. The skull is quite wide and flat between the ears, thinned towards the eyes above which it must be slightly domed. Muzzle about 7,5 cm long or in the proportion of 3 to 5 with respect to the length of the skull and sharpened towards the tip.
Truffle: black (except for the blue-merle) slightly raised, not blunt, with moderately large nostrils.
Teeth: very evident and strong jaws, but without protrusions. Strong, healthy and well aligned teeth.
Neck: muscular, well developed and proportionate to the width of the shoulders.
Ears: proportionate to the size of the dog, prominent. Moderately broad at the base. Bring straight, separated by about 9 cm and well backwards so as to be on the neck line.
Eyes: medium in size, alive and attentive. Rather detached from each other and with a well-marked corner, preferably dark, but clear. The gazzuolo eye is allowed only in blue-merle.
Limbs: front limbs slightly curved in front with strong bone structure. Short and strong legs. Strong rear, with muscular thighs. Short and robust metatarsal. Round, well-supplied feet, sturdy, rather large soles. All the spurs are removed.
Shoulder: well inclined, well muscled.
Pace: rhythmic and casual.
Musculature: compared to the size it is considerably developed.
Tail: moderately long and attached to the body line, never curved on the back. Similar to that of the fox.
Hair: short or medium length, hard texture.
Allowed colors: all colors except white.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, pointed occiput, salient cheeks, low and flat forehead, eyes without expression, deflected forearm, flat or deflected foot, tail folded on the back, silky hair, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incorrect gait.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it