Origin and diffusion
The probable area of origin of this goat population is the ridge of the Lepini, Ausoni and Aurunci Mountains (Lazio region). The breeding area is located in southern Lazio with the main consistency in the area of origin on the ridges of the provinces of Rome, Frosinone and Latina dei Monti Lepini, Ausoni and Aurunci. A widespread presence is also found in the mountains of the Mainarde Group and in Val Comino. The latest offshoots of diffusion seem to be the Prenestini Mountains in the province of Rome. The breeding, thanks to the strong characteristics of rusticity, is in the wild in the spring-summer-autumn period with prevalent use of natural herbaceous-shrub pasture of Mediterranean scrub and rare integration of cereals; in the winter it becomes a semi-wild system in which food supplementation is carried out on pasture but with more important additions of hay and cereals.
The breed is being censored and the Registry is being approved. The current consistency is estimated at around 1,000 items.
Morphological and productive characteristics
Cut it: great
Height at the withers:
- Males: 93-94 cm
- Females: 74-79 cm
- Males: 85 kg
- Female: 46-53 kg
Head: large and expressive, sometimes with slightly camus profile more accentuated in males. Flat cheeks never enlarged in the mandibular area. Covered with short hair and almost always characterized by a white supraorbital line. The beard is always present and is very pronounced in males. The horns are present in both sexes and are large, divergent and relatively flattened laterally. The ears are generally large, wide, hanging and semi-dependent.
Neck: long and very wide in males.
Trunk: long with thorax and abdomen always very developed and wide sloping rump.
Breast apparatus: on average well projected compared to the croup. Variable conformation from bifid to hypoglobose.
Arts: sturdy with large black claws.
Cloak: melanic (black or tan) uniform throughout the body and with light limbs with anterior black line.
Fertility: above 90%
Fertility: more than 160% in multiparous
Average age at first birth: between 18 and 24 months of age; those who give birth at 12 months are not uncommon.
Prevailing attitude: milk even if the kid's "by-product" is highly appreciated. The latter reaches 10 - 12 kg of live weight around 40-50 days per second if it comes from a single or twin birth. There is also a widespread production of the “caprettone” of mid-August slaughtered on 20-25 kg of live weight.
Milk production (net of milk suckled by the kid):
- Primipare: lt. 70.0 in 100 days
- Secondipare lt. 120.0 in 150 days
- Pluripare lt. 150.0 in 150 days
Capestrina - Becco (photo Di Marco Alessandro National Association of Pastoralism)
Capestrina - Goat (photo By Marco Alessandro National Pastoral Association)