Origin and diffusion
The goat of the Massif Central was present in its region of origin in large numbers until the 1960s, before specialized breeds such as the Saanen and the Alpina settled there. These highly productive breeds are bred almost industrially, replacing traditional production which is gradually disappearing. In 1994, some breeders worried about the future of the breed and during the general assembly of the Fédération pour promouvoir lElevage des Races domestique Menacées, it was decided to acquire 14 animals to create a controlled breeding. In 1995 8 new animals were purchased. This renewed interest in the breed was followed by the creation of the Association for the renewal of the Massif-Central goat. The number is gradually growing. In 2009, there were only 600 goats and 60 goats left. The breed was officially recognized by the Ministry of Agriculture in 2013.
Morphological and productive characteristics
Of rather large size, it is a relatively thin and bony animal, with a fine muzzle and a sloping rump. The color of the fleece is very variable, but most of the time it is black, tawny or black and white, with hairs ranging from long to semi-short.
It has long been considered as the prototype of the French common goat, and appreciated as a courtyard animal bred by families in view of the internal consumption of milk and meat.
Dairy breed with high rusticity.
Central Massif Goat (Par TiteLiya - Travail personnel, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75865574)
Massif Central (photo www.lagrangeauxcabris.com)