Origin and diffusion
The Orobica goat, also called Valgerola, is present on the Orobic side and on the valley floor of the lower Valtellina, as well as in the Gerola valley, in the province of Sondrio; some flocks are also present in the province of Lecco, Como and Bergamo. The origins are unknown. Today, after a period of numerical contraction, it is increasing: the enhancement of the DOP Bitto della Valtellina cheese, its marked rusticity and its characteristic appearance have contributed to this. The herd book was activated in 1993.
Dual-purpose breed. The kid is slaughtered at 12-14 kg. It is able to enhance the coarser foods and adapts to live in very difficult environments. Its milk, in the share of about 10%, is used for the production of the famous Bitto della Valtellina.
Breed with herd book in Italy.
Morphological and productive characteristics
Cut it: medium and well proportioned.
Head: proportionate light and fine. Erect ears of medium length, carried obliquely forward, never hanging. Very long horns in both sexes.
Trunk: well developed chest and abdomen; rectilinear and horizontal lumbar back region. Developed and well attached breast, globular or pyriform, with large, conical nipples.
Pile: very varied coat with color ranging from uniform gray-ash to purplish beige. Fine and shiny hair of considerable length.
Height average at the withers:
-Male a. cm. 79
- Females a. cm. 73
- Males a. Kg. 80
- Females a. 65
Productions medium milk (without feedings):
- primipare lt. 218
- multiple lt. 329
Average weight of kids at birth 4.4 kg, at 60 days 14.8 kg.
Goat of Orobica breed (or Valgerola)