Origin and economic characteristics
Breed developed in Houston (Texas) in 1953 by Mr. Delwin V. James has two main characteristics, both due to its origin of utility pigeon (meat production): the first consists in having small head and short legs (parts discarded at slaughter ); the second is the presence in homozygosity of the gene "Faded" (self-sexed character) which allows the distinction between males and females by the color of the coat. At birth, in males there is a very short and light beak, in females a long, dense down jacket and a black ring around the beak.
Texan lovebirds: female on the left, male on the right (photo www.pigeons-france.com)
Male Texan with typical coloring (photo www.littlewolf.com/pigeons.html)
Unlike most pigeon breeds, the origin of the Texan Pioneer is well known; it derives from the cross between the French Mondano and the self-sexed King from which a hybrid for 3/8 self-sexed King and 5/8 French socialite has been obtained.
Colombo with a solid and elegant body with high carcass yield. The weight in young people must vary from 800 to 950 grams, in adults from 850 to 970 grams.
Coat: the males are mainly white with sprays that can be of any color on the neck and sometimes extend to the chest and the rest of the body; such spraying strengthens with age. It must not have any vergature. Females can be hammered or laid red; lavender; blue with rods or hammered; diluted black.
Recessive red variety: uniform pale yellow-orange male, intense red female.
Texan: Male red recessive variety - Female red laid (photo www.littlewolf.com)
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