Scientific name: Gyromitra esculenta (Pers.) Fr.
Vulgar names: False morel - Marugola
Carpoforo: altogether 6 to 13 cm high.
Hat: rounded and irregular, with very irregular sinuous ribs, variable brown, margin adhering to the hat.
Stem: irregular, thicker at the base, hollow, whitish with reddish spots.
Meat: whitish, watery, strong odor.
spore: elliptical trainers.
Gyromitra esculenta(photo http://basozaleak.com)
Edibility, habitat and observations
Relationship with the surrounding plant environment: saprophytic mushroom.
It is found in coniferous forests in spring.
POISONOUS. Responsible for the gyromitric syndrome: gastrointestinal disorders (nausea, food vomiting then bilious, diarrhea), headache, dehydration, dyspnoea; subsequently hepato-renal involvement with lesions of the liver and kidneys, the appearance of jaundice and liver failure. It has caused poisonings that have also had a fatal outcome. In many areas, however, it is collected and consumed after long cooking.