Information

Mushrooms: Gyromitra esculenta

Mushrooms: Gyromitra esculenta

Class: Ascomycetes
Scientific name: Gyromitra esculenta (Pers.) Fr.
Vulgar names: False morel - Marugola

Morphological characteristics

Carpoforo: altogether 6 to 13 cm high.
Hat: rounded and irregular, with very irregular sinuous ribs, variable brown, margin adhering to the hat.
Stem: irregular, thicker at the base, hollow, whitish with reddish spots.
Meat: whitish, watery, strong odor.
spore: elliptical trainers.

Gyromitra esculenta(photo http://basozaleak.com)

Edibility, habitat and observations

Relationship with the surrounding plant environment: saprophytic mushroom.
It is found in coniferous forests in spring.
POISONOUS. Responsible for the gyromitric syndrome: gastrointestinal disorders (nausea, food vomiting then bilious, diarrhea), headache, dehydration, dyspnoea; subsequently hepato-renal involvement with lesions of the liver and kidneys, the appearance of jaundice and liver failure. It has caused poisonings that have also had a fatal outcome. In many areas, however, it is collected and consumed after long cooking.


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