Type of protected area - Where it is located
Typology: Provincial Natural Park; established with D.P.G.P. September 16, 1974, no. 68.
Region: Trentino-Alto Adige
The Sciliar Natural Park (Schlern) includes the homonymous Dolomite group, occupies an area of 5,850 hectares and forms, with the nearby landscape protection area of the Alpe di Siusi (6,817 hectares), a natural area of considerable interest a few kilometers from Bolzano and the Isarco Valley . The singular profile of the Sciliar (2,563 m), with the long massif flanked by the two peaks of Punta Santner and Punta Euringer, is considered one of the emblems of South Tyrol.
Lo Sciliar - Sciliar - Schlern Natural Park (photo Luisa Hell www.luisahell.com)
The Sciliar lays on a pedestal with several steps: to the west and south, at an average altitude of 1,000 meters above sea level, the base of porphyritic rocks from the area of Fiè and Castelrotto; Almost a thousand meters higher, on the northern flank, lies the Alpe di Siusi, a green wavy cushion on which the summit bastion of the Sciliar rests, with a variously eroded crust. The inhabitants of the countries nestled at its feet, often gathered under the common denomination of Altipiano dello Sciliar, have been dedicating themselves for thousands of years to the exploitation of these alpine areas, once for summer pasture and haymaking, today to an increasingly massive extent for tourism summer and winter.
A wide belt of mountain and subalpine spruce forests extends over the inhabited centers along the slopes of the Alpe di Siusi and the Sciliar, which on the sunny slopes is strongly mixed with the Scots pine.
Even the Alpe di Siusi was originally covered with a dense virgin forest, gradually tilled over the centuries to make way for almost 5,000 hectares of alpine pastures. gradually developed that extraordinary floral association for which, since the nineteenth century, the Alpe di Siusi gained throughout Europe the reputation of paradise of alpine flora. The variety in the composition of the soil, the alternation of sunny and dry limestone areas with peat bogs formed over clayey layers, the abundant waterways that furrow the valleys, have created a multiplicity of ecological niches where a large number of alpine flower species grow on a very restricted area.
In the park it is possible to spot chamois, deer, golden eagles, imperial crows and alpine gracchi.
Alpe di Siusi - Sciliar - Schlern Natural Park (photo http://digilander.libero.it/grfoto)
Information for the visit
Castelrotto, Siusi, Fiè and Tires are the main access points to the natural park.
Bagni di Lavina Bianca - Tires (BZ): Steger Säge
Natural Parks Office - Autonomous Province of Bolzano
Via C. Battisti 21