Information

Regional Natural Park Oglio Sud - Lombardy

Regional Natural Park Oglio Sud - Lombardy

Type of protected area - Where it is located

Typology: Regional Natural Park; established with L.R. April 16, 1988, no. 17.
Lombardy region
Province: Cremona, Mantua

The Oglio Sud Natural Park affects the lower part of the river (about 70 km), from the border with the Oglio Nord Park to the Po. The protected area occupies an area of ​​12,721 hectares, in the provinces of Cremona and Mantua. It has an amplitude varying from a few hundred meters to about 3 kilometers, along the terminal stretch of the river, thick with meanders and lances, from the border with the Oglio Nord Park (Municipality of Ostiano) to the confluence in the Po.

Oglio Sud Natural Park (photo www.parco.ogliosud.it/ogliosud)

Description

LOglio was born from several branches that descend from the mountains of the Ortles-Cevedale group and from the Adamello group. It descends through the Val Camonica with a first steep path, up to Edolo, then calmer up to Breno, and finally very calm until it reaches Lake Iseo, from which it exits Sarnico to reach the Po not far from Suzzara nel Mantovano. In its 280 km route it has two large tributaries: the Mella and the Chiese.
The terminal part of the river valley sees the Oglio flowing in a meandering pattern. The floodplain areas are dominated by poplars and dense white willow borders. The current naturalistic structure of the territory is characterized by wet natural areas with various states of evolution and floristic and faunal diversity, while the natural forest components are modest and mainly located along the banks. The Oglio Sud Park includes two natural reserves (WWF Oasis Le Bine and Torbiere di Marcaria).

Flora and fauna

The landscape surrounding the river is strongly characterized by agriculture, with the orderly succession of crops and tree-lined rows that underline the development of a dense water network. In this realm of linear geometries, the floodplain areas stand out with the imposing masses of poplar groves and the thick white willow borders that in some cases form real bushes.
From a naturalistic point of view, wetlands prevail at various stages of evolution and of flora and fauna diversity, while the forest components are rather modest and mainly located along the banks. Among the most valuable wetlands, already protected by nature reserves, are Le Bine, an ancient river meander now disappeared and replaced by a wetland fed by springs in the municipalities of Calvatone and Acquanegra sul Chiese, and the Torbiere di Marcaria in the municipality of the same name, a marshy environment in which a heron of over 320 pairs of ardeids is located (Special Conservation Zone for waterfowl). Of great interest also the Golena S.Alberto, the remains of an ancient meander close to the embankment used, the Torbiere di Belforte and the Bogina Canal.
In the stretch between Canneto sullOglio and Marcaria, near the ponds of the lanche it is possible to appreciate the gradual succession of the plant species as we move away from the water: from the reed, to the willows, to the alders and white poplars, to the oak.
From a wildlife point of view, the presence of birds such as red lairone, night heron, great white lairone (winter visitor), osprey (in spring), bittern (winter visitor) are significant, both statistically and in terms of fauna value. , the kingfisher, the pendulum and the bee-eater. Noteworthy is the presence of the gray heron, confirmed by the herdsmen of the Torbiere di Marcaria and delle Bine. Among the mammals 19 species have been registered; 8 among reptiles and 7 among amphibians, including the endemic Lataste frog.

Peat bog reserve of Marcaria

Regional Nature Reserve; established with D.C.R. May 31, 1989 n. 1390
It occupies an area of ​​52 hectares, in the Municipality of Marcaria (MN).
The peat bogs of Marcaria represent one of the last testimonies of marshy environments, one
very long time. Excavation activity in the peat bog lasted until the first post-war period. And enclosed within a paleomeander of the Oglio, located a short distance from the river itself, which went to deeply affect, in times long gone, the terraced surface which constitutes the fundamental level of the plain. Abundant extension in sedges, swamp straw and cattail. The expanses of water are covered by floating vegetation.

Oglio Sud Natural Park (photo www.parco.ogliosud.it/ogliosud)

Information for the visit

How to get there:
- By car: A21, Cremona exit; A1, Parma center exit and from there SS 343 to Casalmaggiore; A22 Modena-Brennero, exit Mantova Nord and from there SS 420 to Casalmaggiore or SS 10 to Piadena.

What to see nearby:
- Civic Museum in Canneto sullOglio: picture gallery, collection of cannetese dolls and toys.
- Ecomuseum of the Oglio-Chiesea Valleys Canneto sullOglio: nature, culture and history of the area.
- Bijou Museum - Casalmaggiore: pins, bracelets, earrings, pendants, medals, badges.
- Mina della Scala Castle - Casteldidone.
- Po Aquarium - Motta Baluffi: aquarium with the various river environments.
- Civic Archaeological Museum Platina - Piadena.
- Palazzo Giardino, Gallery of the Ancients, Teatro dellAntica, Palazzo Ducale (16th century) - Sabbioneta.
- Paleontological Naturalistic Museum - S.Daniele Po: pre-human fossils, various fossils, minerals.
- Civic Museum A. Parazzi - Viadana: picture gallery, archaeological finds, earthenware, numismatics.

Management:
Headquarters: Via Umberto I, 136
26030 Calvatone (CR)
Website: www.parco.ogliosud.it/ogliosud


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