Information

Breeds of chickens: Friesland

Breeds of chickens: Friesland

Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Very old breed native to the north of Holland.

Morphological characteristics

Light type chicken with simple crest and white mumps.
White skin, bluish legs. White eggs.
It is a breed recognized in countless colors.
In Italy, subjects in the colors have often been imported: gold black bows, silver black bows, lemon black bows, suede white bows.
However, there are numerous other colors.

Medium weight:
- Gauls 1.5 - 1.6 kg
- Hens 1.2-1.3 kg

Friesian rooster and hen

Friesians of breed Friesland

Breed standard - FIAV

I - GENERALITIES

Origin
Friesland (Netherlands)

Egg
Minimum weight g. 52
Shell color: white

Ring
Rooster: 15
Hen: 14

II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Light, very active chicken of the common type, with a fairly high tail and full plumage tightly fitted to the body.

III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed

1- FORM
Trunk: fine and light cylindrical shape, rounded; almost horizontal posture; fine bone.
Head: medium length, elongated, but not wide.
Beak: medium length; slightly curved; light horn up to blue with lighter tip; corresponding to the color of the tarsi.
Big eyes; second color variety.
Crest: simple not too large; straight and fine texture with 5/6 not too deep teeth; lobe slightly detached from the neck. In the hen the slightly folded lobe is tolerated.
Bargigli: fairly short, well rounded and thin.
Face: red, slightly feathered tolerance.
Mumps: small, smooth and oval; pure white color.
Neck: quite long and well arched; very abundant cape that largely covers the front of the neck and partially the shoulders and the back.
Shoulders: rounded.
Back: wide at the shoulders, it narrows towards the tail; slightly inclined; of medium length. Richly feathered croup.
Wings: long and strong; well tightened to the body without going beyond it, often a little hanging; the ends rest on the feathers of the sides.
Tail: richly feathered, with long, wide and strongly arched sickles; very high flow rate; wide helmsmen open like a fan. In the hen richly developed and well tightened tail coverts.
Chest: high, rounded and prominent.
Legs: medium long; Medium length tarsi; smooth; color according to the variety. Medium length and well spread fingers.
Belly: moderately developed. In the hen full and a little visible.

2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 1,5 - 1,6
HEN: Kg. 1,2 - 1,3

Serious defects:
Cape too short in the cock; coarse crest; ridge completely folded in the hen; mumps not pure white.

3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: closed and well tightened to the body.

IV - COLORS

WHITE BOW SUEDE
COCK
Intense, warm golden head, cape and rump. Fawn cape lighter downwards and without drawing. Back and small coverts of the wings reddish fawn to dark golden fawn. Chest, belly and legs golden matt fawn. Slight creamy white flake on the top of the back and sides. Fawn secondary remiges, internal beards with light cream white flaking. Primary remiges with tawny external beards with some cream white sequins at the end, internal cream white beards. Large wing coverts with light creamy white flakes on the inner beards. Cream-white tail. Sickle-shaped, if possible, with a well-defined tawny end.
HEN
Intense and uniform golden fawn background color, a little lighter than in the rooster. Head, cape, front of the neck and upper part of the chest without cream white design. Plumage of the bright fawn coat with regular, fairly dense, cream-colored flocking, each pen has from 3 to 5 pure cream-white, oval flakes, from each part of the spine, positioned opposite each other and without touching or touching the spine or the edge of the pen. Plumage of legs and hips with less precise flaking. Primary remiges with cream white internal beards with fawn border and slightly drawn external fawn beards at the end. Fawn secondary remiges with creamy white flaking which more or less crosses the internal beards in the form of transverse bars. Tawny helmsman with large flakes design, arranged transversely in cream white color; the coverts of the tail are strongly drawn.
Dark orange iris. Gray-blue tarsi.
Serious defects:
Rooster: background color too light or too dark; hemming too wide in sickles; too many black or blue traces in the plumage.
Hen: background color too dark, too light or strongly irregular; impure color flaking; coarse, banded, washed out or strongly irregular flocking; flaking present in the upper part of the chest; drawn cape.

LEMON WITH BLACK BOWS
COCK
Lemon yellow head, cape and rump. Back and small coverts of the wings of a more intense color, light brownish shades temporarily tolerated. Light yellow breast, belly and legs. Slight flaking allowed on the upper part of the back. Plumage of the hips with light bowing. Secondary lemon yellow remiges, with internal beards with light black bow. Primary rowers with lemon yellow external beards and with some black sequins at the end. Internal black beards. Large coverts of the wings (bands) with slight black bow on the inner beards. Black tail, yellow spraying tolerated; sickle-shaped as much as possible with a clear lemon yellow fine edging.
HEN
Lemon yellow background color. Head, cape, front of the neck and upper part of the chest without black design. Plumage of the lemon yellow coat with regular, fairly closed, black bow; each pen has from 3 to 5 pure black, oval flakes, on each side of the spine, placed opposite each other without touching the spine or the edge of the pen. Plumage of legs and hips with less precise flocking. Primary remiges with internal black beards with a fine yellow border and external beards with a little yellow design at the end. Secondary lemon yellow remiges with black bow, which slightly crosses the internal beards, in the form of transverse bars. Lemon yellow helmsman with large flakes design, arranged transversely, black; the coverts of the tail are strongly drawn.
Dark orange iris. Gray-blue tarsi.
Serious defects:
Rooster: background color too light or too dark; hemming too wide or absent in sickles; black design where not required.
Hen: background color too light, too dark or too irregular; dull or gray flake color; coarse flocking, with washed out or strongly irregular bands; flaking present in the upper part of the chest; drawn cape.

GOLD WITH BLACK BOWS
In both sexes the design corresponds to that of the Limone a Fiocchi Neri variety.
COCK
Golden brown head. Cape and intense bright golden brown rump. Shoulders and back golden brown warm and bright. Chest, belly and legs light golden brown.
HEN
Light golden brown background color.
Gray-blue down jacket.
Dark orange iris. Gray-blue tarsi.
Serious defects:
Same design flaws as the black flaky lemon variety.
Rooster: irregular or too light background color; cape and croup too dark.
Hen: background color too light, too dark or not homogeneous.

SILVER WITH BLACK BOWS
In both sexes the design corresponds to that of the Limone a Fiocchi Neri variety.
Background color silver white in both sexes.
Bright gray down jacket.
Serious defects:
Same design flaws as the black flaky lemon variety.
Gallo: yellowish reflections in the cape and on the back; rust on the shoulders.
Hen: yellow highlights.

RED WITH BLACK BOWS
In both sexes the design corresponds to that of the Limone a Fiocchi Neri variety.
COCK
Brown-red background color as warm and intense as possible.
HEN
Background color tolerated lighter than that of the rooster, but uniform over the whole coat.
Gray-blue down jacket.
Dark orange iris. Gray-blue tarsi.
Serious defects:
In the two sexes the same design defects as the black flaky lemon variety; background color not homogeneous or too light.
Rooster: cape, rump, and shoulders too dark (blackish).

RED WITH BLACK BOWS SPOTTED WHITE
GALLO and GALLINA
The flaking corresponds to the Black Flakes Lemon variety. The background color of the rooster is of a uniform, intense and warm brown-red color. The hen has a slightly lighter background color than that of the rooster, but homogeneous throughout the coat. Each feather has a white pearl-shaped end. Light black design tolerated in the cape.
Gray-blue down jacket.
Dark orange iris. Gray-blue tarsi.
Serious defects:
Rooster: color of the cape, rump and shoulders too dark (blackish)
Rooster and Hen: strongly irregular or sooty background color; absence of white drawing or white drawing too extensive; entirely white secondary remiges.

BLACK
GALLO and GALLINA
Intense black without green reflections, except for a slight greenish shine in the sickle-shaped cocks.
Red-brown iris. Dark gray-blue tarsi.
Serious defects: strong green or purple reflections in the plumage; red feathers; floury tracks.

WHITE
GALLO and GALLINA
Pure white; yellow reflections allowed in the rooster's cape and rump.
Orange iris. Light gray-blue tarsi.
Serious defects: strong yellow reflections; gray reflections; feathers of other color.

BLUE
GALLO and GALLINA
Medium intensity gray blue, as uniform as possible and without hemming.
In the rooster, cape and croup, back and small coverts of the wings, as well as the cape of the hen, of a more intense blue.
Dark orange iris. Gray-blue tarsi.
Serious defects: strongly marbled background color; presence of rust; floury tracks.

SPARVIERO
GALLO and GALLINA
Each feather with multiple cross design black and gray-blue sparrow hawk, slightly arched. Of the same width in the rooster, in the hen the dark parts of the feathers are a little wider than the light ones. The design is not clear and the duvet almost not drawn.
Orange colored iris. Flesh-colored tarsi, dark traces tolerated in the hen.
Serious defects: heavily washed sparrowhawk design; rust; floury tracks.

BLACK STAINED WHITE
GALLO and GALLINA
Intense black background color with green reflections; end of the feathers with white tip. In the rooster, the distribution of the design corresponds to the distribution of the shape of the feathers linked to sex. In the hen drawing distributed as regularly as possible. With age the white pattern becomes larger and extends.
Dark gray down jacket.
Dark orange iris gray-blue legs.
Serious defects: hemming-shaped design, absent or too coarse and irregular; absence of green reflections; entirely white secondary remiges; rust; strong floury tracks.


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