Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics
French breed known since the mid-nineteenth century, although officially recognized much later (1967). The Dorans area is the region of Challans, Marchecoul and Beauvoir sur Mer. It derives from the crossing of local chickens with Langshan and black Orpington subjects.
Rustic and early breed.
The only variety with a black coat.
Simple crest, straight in both sexes. Eyes with dark red iris. Dark beak with lighter tip. Red mumps. Wide abdomen and back. Slate blue tarsi.
- Roosters 3.0 - 3.5 kg
- Hens 2.0 - 2.5 kg
Gallo Noir de Challans (photo www.lemondeselonsavannah.fr)
Noir de Challans (photo http://aviculture85.e-monsite.com)
Breed standard - FIAV
I - GENERALITIES
France. Challans region, Marchecoul, Beauvoir-sur-Mer, the Marais de Bouin en Vendée.
Minimum weight g. 60
Shell color: white to light brown.
II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Medium-sized chicken, but powerful and robust, with a loose and light gait, a little low; plumage without swelling.
III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed
Trunk: trapeze-shaped. In the hen the whole body is quite long and deep.
Head: fairly fine and elongated.
Beak: slightly curved; dark horn color, lighter end.
Eyes: large and lively; very prominent; they must not be sunken into orbits; non-protruding eyebrow arch; dark brown to black iris.
Crest: simple and straight; medium in size, quite thick; lobe somewhat detached from the nape; regular indentation, 5/6 medium depth teeth. In the allowed hen folded in the back.
Bargigli: medium sized and well rounded.
Face: red; fine texture; without traces of white.
Mumps: elongated, red, without traces of white enamel.
Shoulders: wide without being protruding.
Neck: strong enough, carried raised and slightly arched; rich and abundant cape, which descends well on the shoulders.
Back: lake and long, without bulges, regularly comeback towards the tail. Large, well-feathered croup. Transition with slightly rounded tail.
Wings: strong, well-tightened to the body.
Tail: quite developed; numerous small sickles cover the hairline. In the hen the tail is fairly closed and slightly rounded at the top.
Chest: wide and deep, well rounded.
Legs: legs evident, strong and clearly visible; without bearings. Pretty strong, smooth and naked tarsi; dark slate color. Four fingers, well spread; sole of the foot clear.
Belly: well developed, mostly in the hen.
2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 3,0 - 3,5
HEN: Kg. 2,0 - 2,5
Serious faults: subject too slender; backline concave or too inclined; ridge too large; wide open tail; exaggerated bulges of the plumage of the croup and legs; feathered tarsi; mumps with white spots; protruding superciliary arches.
3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: without swelling; well tightened to the body with thick down.
IV - COLORS
GALLO and GALLINA
Entirely black plumage with green reflections, especially in the rooster. Dark gray down jacket.
Serious defects: traces of other colors; absence of green reflections; floury traces in the remiges.