Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics
Ancient Italian breed, once widespread in Sicily.
It is almost certainly the result of the crossing, which occurred in ancient times, between Sicilian chickens and chickens from Northern Africa.
Early breed, sexual listinto in roosters occurs at about 40 days, the hen begins to lay beautiful white eggs at the 5th month.
The fine skeleton and a lot of development of the muscle masses of the chest and thighs, the rounded and gathered general conformation, make the Sicilian a good producer of meat even if it is small in size (the meat is tasty and tasty).
Excellent laying, rustic, it resists quite well even in cold climates.
Of a vagabond nature, but not a great flyer, if left free on large spaces it can procure for itself a good part of the daily feeding.
The eggs are white with a characteristic tapered shape. The minimum weight is 45 grams and the color of the shell goes from white to light brownish. With a combative and daring appearance, rustic and strong, it hardly takes diseases common to other breeds.
It is an officially recognized breed in Italy by the FIAV.
Official Italian - Sicilian standard
I - GENERALITIES
Origin: Italy - Sicily. It is said to have originated from the crossing of Libyan chickens with local chickens.
Egg: Minimum weight g. 45 - Shell color: white to light brownish.
Ring: Rooster: mm. 18 - Hen: mm. 16
II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Lively chicken, very early and with a strong aptitude for deposition. It is characterized by the typical cup crest. The plumage is abundant and close to the body. Shape, position and crest affect the judgment most of the coloring.
III - STANDARD - GENERAL APPEARANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BREED
1) - FORM
Trunk: Medium in size and collected.
Head: Elegant and rounded, quite wide and deep.
Beak: Strong, medium length and yellow in color; slight dark horn streaks in black and gold neck allowed.
Eyes: Large, lively and prominent in red / dark orange color.
Crest: Of fine and red texture; it starts as a simple crest at the base of the beak and then acquires the cup shape, preferably closed in the back. The cup well formed, smooth inside. 5 regular teeth per side are preferred, not too long, well defined and not too wide; carried straight and well upright. In laying hens it is admitted slightly hanging.
Bargigli: Rossi, medium size; carried well stretched and not open like a butterfly, free of both vertical and horizontal folds.
Face: Intense red; smooth and fluff-free.
Orecchioni: Of medium size, fine, well rounded, red; a slight presence of white is tolerated.
Neck: Well arched, elegant, with abundant cape.
Shoulders: Wide, well rounded.
Back: Wide, not too long.
Wings: Long, high and close-fitting.
Tail: Wide enough, with long helmsman, quite high capacity with an angle of 70/75 ° in the cock and 55/60 ° in the hen.
Chest: Wide, full and rounded, carried high.
Legs: Medium sized legs well detached from the trunk; thin and moderately long tarsi, willow green in color.
Belly: Well developed and rounded.
Skin: Soft, yellowish.
2) - WEIGHTS:
- Rooster: Kg. 2,0 - 2,4
- Hen: Kg. 1,6 - 1,8
Absence of typological characteristics; squirrel tail; too white mumps; presence of burrows or growths in the cup; cockscomb little developed or bent, open in front, with filiform or too long teeth; tarsi color different from willow green; feathered tarsi.
3) - PLUMAGE: Abundant and soft; well adherent to the body without forming bearings.
4) - COLORS:
Rooster: Intense golden yellow head. Golden yellow cape, slightly lighter in the terminal part, with black flames that do not break through the edge. Back, shoulders and wing coverings of bright dark red wings. Lanceolate of the golden yellow croup with black flames that do not break through the edge. Large black wing coverts with metallic green / blue reflections. Primary black remiges, narrow brown border on the outside allowed. Secondary remiges with black internal and tip and brown external part that forms the triangle of the wing. Black breast without brown traces. Belly and black legs. Black tail with strong green highlights. Grayish down jacket.
Hen: Golden yellow head. Golden yellow cape with black flames that do not break through the edge. Gold / brown plumage with fine black pepper regularly distributed, slightly lighter rachis allowed. Primary black remiges with narrow peppery brown outer edge. Secondary remiges with black inner part and peppery brown outer part. Salmon breast, darker in the upper part, with slightly lighter spine. Gray / brown legs and belly. Black tail, the last two helmsmen admitted like the rest of the plumage.
Gallo: Cape and saddle too red or straw, lack of flames; chest or legs with brown traces; impure wing triangle.
Hen: Lack of flames in the cape; reddish traces in the coat; background color of the coat too light or with greenish reflections, presence of hemming; rust on the wing coverts; poorly distributed or coarse pepper; chest color too light; presence of flaky design throughout the plumage.
All plumage in both sexes pure white, more shiny in the cock. White down jacket.
Strong straw reflections. Chest of other color. Breast with salmon-colored traces in the hen.
Plumage of the rooster and of the intense black hen, in the rooster with strong bright green reflections. Black down jacket. Slight darker shading in the tarsi in young subjects allowed.
Opaque plumage without reflections in the rooster. Purple or bluish highlights. Other color pens.
Rooster and hen Plumage in general: pigeon blue of medium and uniform hue, slight hemming on the edge of the feathers is allowed. In the rooster head, cape, wing coverts and lanceolate of the rump vary from dark blue to black / brilliant velvety blue. In the hen dark blue cape.
Duvet: light blue.
Serious faults: uneven color, too light or too dark; hemming too pronounced; brown highlights; pens of other color.
Sicilian Standard - CTS FIAV
Gold-necked Sicilian rooster (photo Ongaretto)
Gold-necked Sicilian hen (photo website)
White Sicilian Rooster (photo website)
|Chickens - Atlas of breeds|
Various Authors - Edagricole - November 2008
A guide for all fans of chickens and for those who want to get to know them. All breeds from A to Z and their characteristics in simple and complete tabs. For each breed: origin, diffusion, morphology, colors. Lab management and the tricks for the breeder and the enthusiast.