Production specification - Castel del Monte Bombino Nero DOCG
Disciplinary for the production of wines with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin
Castel del Monte Bombino Nero
Approved with DM 04.10.2011 - Published in the Official Gazette no. 243 - 18.10.2011
Modified with DM 30.11.2011
Denomination and wine
The denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin Castel del Monte Bombino Nero ”is reserved for wine which meets the conditions and requirements established in this production specification.
The wine with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Castel del Monte Bombino Nero" must be obtained from grapes produced by the vineyards within the company, the following composition:
Bombino Nero 90% minimum.
The grapes of other non-aromatic black grape varieties, suitable for cultivation in the Puglia region for the homogeneous production area "Central Murgia", can also contribute to the production of this wine, alone or jointly, to the maximum extent of 10%.
Grape production area
The production area of the grapes suitable for the production of controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Castel del Monte Bombino Nero" must be produced in the production area which includes the municipal area of Minervino Murge and in part the municipal areas of Andria, Corato, Trani, Ruvo, Terlizzi, Bitonto, Palo del Colle and Toritto and completely the administrative island D'Ameli of the municipality of Binetto.
This area is delimited as follows:
From the meeting point of the municipal boundaries of Minervino Murge, Andria and Canosa di Puglia (q.234) the boundary line follows the municipal boundary between Andria and Canosa to the northeast up to q.159.
It continues east along the road that leads to Andria (via vecchia Canosa-Andria), reaches Andria and runs along the town center to the south, following the same road until it reaches q. 162 provincial road 231 (ex S.S.n.98 Andriese-Coratina) which follows in a south-easterly direction; cross the inhabited center of Corato and at km 49 (Madonna delle Grazie) follow the local road (via vecchiaCorato-Terlizzi) and reach the town of Terlizzi passing through the altitude 231,232,227,215,207,208,201,188,187 and 182.
At the height of the q. 182 enters the ring road that passes south of the town of Terlizzi, until you reach provincial road 231 again (ex S.S. 98 Andriese-Coratina), which follows up to the large ring road of Bitonto; it follows the same up to the provincial road Bitonto-Palo del Colle; then continues south along this road, passes Palo del Colle, and joins state road no. 96 that follows south, until its intersection with the border between the territories of Toritto and Grumo (contrada dei Gendarmi).
From this point it follows, towards the west, the border of the territory of Toritto and then the southern borders of the municipality of Toritto, of Bitonto, up to the Murgia Lama Rosa (q.485), of Ruvo di Puglia, up to the location Il Feltro (q.631 ) and that of the municipality of Andria always in a westerly direction; until the intersection of these with the border of Minervino Murge near the Ciminiero di Gioia farm.
Finally, following the western border of Minervino Murge, it reaches the meeting point of the municipal confines between Minervino, Andria and Canosa di Puglia, the starting point of the delimitation.
Rules for viticulture
The environmental and cultivation conditions of the vineyards destined for the production of the “Castel delMonte Bombino Nero” wine must be the traditional ones of the area and, in any case, suitable for giving the grapes and derived wines the specific quality characteristics.
For new plants and replantings, only the tree and counter espalier cultivation forms are allowed; the planting layouts and pruning systems must be used in general and in any case designed not to change the characteristics of the grapes and wines.
Any forcing practice is prohibited.
Rescue irrigation is allowed.
New plants and replantings, built after the entry into force of this disciplinary, must be made with at least 4,000 vines per hectare.
The maximum production of grapes allowed for the production of controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Castel del Monte Bombino Nero" must not exceed 12 tons per hectare of vineyards in specialized cultivation.
The production, even in exceptionally favorable years, must be brought back to the limit of above, provided that the production does not exceed the limit by 20%, without prejudice to the limit of yield / wine for the quantities in question.
The grapes destined for winemaking must ensure the wine with the denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin "Castel del Monte Bombino Nero" a minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of 11.00% vol.
Rules for winemaking
The vinification, maturation, aging and bottling operations of the controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Castel del Monte Bombino Nero", must be carried out within the production area delimited by the previous article 3.
In accordance with article 8 of EC Reg. N. 607/2009, bottling or packaging must take place in the aforementioned defined geographical area to safeguard the quality or reputation and guarantee the origin and ensure the controls; in addition, to safeguard the pre-established rights of the subjects who traditionally carried out the bottling outside the delimited production area, individual authorizations are provided for under the conditions of article 10, paragraphs 3 and 4 of Legislative Decree no. 61/2010 (Annex 1).
The maximum yield of grapes in wine must not exceed 70%.
If the yield exceeds the percentage indicated above, but no more than 75% the surplus will not be entitled to the controlled and guaranteed designation of origin, beyond this percentage limit the right to the controlled and guaranteed designation of origin for the entire product will lapse.
In winemaking only loyal oenological practices are admitted, capable of giving the wine its peculiar characteristics.
The "Castel del Monte Bombino Nero" controlled and guaranteed designation of origin wine, upon release for consumption, must meet the following characteristics:
- color: more or less intense rosé;
- odor: characteristic, delicate, fruity;
- flavor: dry, harmonious;
- minimum total alcoholic strength by volume: 12.00% vol;
- minimum total acidity: 4.5 g / l;
- minimum non-reducing extract: 16.0 g / l;
- residual reducing sugar not exceeding 10.0 g / l.
It is the faculty of the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies to modify, with its own decree, the limits indicated above for total acidity and the minimum non-reducing extract.
Designation and presentation
In the labeling and presentation of the controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin wine "Castel del Monte Bombino Nero", the addition of any qualification other than that provided for in this specification is prohibited, including the adjectives: extra, fine, chosen, selected, old, and the like or similar.
However, in compliance with current regulations, the use of indications that refer to names, company names and private brands that are not laudatory and not suitable for misleading the buyer is allowed.
It is also allowed to use geographical and toponymic indications that refer to municipalities, hamlets, areas, farms and localities included in the area delimited in the previous article 3 - as identified and delimited in the list in Annex 2 of this production specification - and from which they actually come from the grapes from which the wine thus qualified was obtained in compliance with current legislation.
The mention vineyard followed by the relative toponym is allowed for the types of wines indicated in article 1 provided that it is followed by the relative toponym or traditional name, that the winemaking and storage of the wine take place in separate containers and that this mention, followed by the relative toponym or name traditional, is reported both in the report of the grapes, in the registers and in the accompanying documents and that it appears in the appropriate regional list pursuant to art. 6 paragraph 8, of the legislative decree n. 61/2010.
For the “Castel del Monte Bombino Nero” controlled and guaranteed designation of origin wine, the indication of the year of production of the grapes possibly preceded by the vintage is mandatory on all containers.
The wine of controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Castel del Monte Bombino Nero", must be marketed exclusively in glass bottles with a capacity of not more than 6 liters and closed exclusively with a stopper. The packaging and clothing of bottles are prohibited in any case not suited to the prestige of the wine.
Link with the geographical environment
A) Information on the geographical area.
1. Natural factors relevant to the link
Puglia is located in the "central-southern Adriatic climate region" located on the eastern side of the Italian peninsula. This climatic region consists of the coastal and sub-Apennine belt overlooking the Adriatic Sea and the Gulf of Taranto. The climatic region has its unitary character due to the protection implemented by the Apennine chain with regard to the north-westerly and to a continental character conferred, in winter, by the cold and humid winds coming from the east. To the south, beyond the Gargano, the Apennines descend in altitude and the climate becomes increasingly maritime and Mediterranean.
The central part of Puglia is crossed by the Murge plateau. The term Murgia derives, notoriously, from "murex", a pointed stone formed mainly of limestone rocks. The Murge plateau crosses the provinces of Bari, Brindisi and Taranto. As a whole, it is delimited by two important "tectonic discontinuities": one in the north west, towards the Tavoliere delle Puglie, the other in the south west, towards the bradanic foredeep. In the North Western portion there are the highest shares: Monte Caccia, 680 m. s.l.m. and Torre Desperata 686 m a.s.l .; in the South-Eastern Murge the altitude does not exceed 500 meters (MAF, 1976). The surface of the Murgian plateau is characterized by bumps and depressions of mainly karstic origin, with flat stretches consisting of leveled surfaces. The emergence of the Murgian platform is traced back to the Cretaceous. Its skeleton is made up of dolomitic limestones and dolomites, well layered, a few centimeters thick ("chiancarelle") a few meters. These rocks are generally compact and consistent except that in some areas they appear "vacuolar and brecciated". Often the rocks are fractured and show various levels of "carsification" (Reina and Buttiglione, 2002). The fractured and karst structure makes reason for the absence of surface waters. The most important erosive furrows are referred to as "blades" and extend up to the Adriatic Sea
The "Castel del Monte" area takes its name from the famous Federician castle which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It is located in the North Western portion of the homogeneous viticultural basin "Murgia Centrale", one of the three "homogeneous viticultural basins" identified by the Puglia Region (resolution of 4 September 2003 n.1371), and corresponding to the province of Bari (BURP, 2003).
The area of the new DOC "Castel del Monte" is partially included in the AltaMurgia Natural Park.
The lithology of the area consists of the compact limestones of the general unit of the Cretaceous limestone of Barie di Altamura. In the internal areas, however, there are alluvial deposits of holocene and, along the south-western escarpment, plio-pleistocene deposits.
The most common type of soil has modest depth and high stony and rocky nature.
This type of soil, in extreme cases, may also not be suitable for cultivation.
The climate is typically sub-Mediterranean. The average annual temperature varies between around 17.5 ° C in Andria (the lowest location near the sea) and 14.4 ° C in the highest areas and far from the sea. Cooler temperatures occur in January, with an average value of around 7 ° C; the peaks are often below 0 ° C. The hottest temperatures occur in August or even in July, with an average value of around 25 ° C.
The average annual rainfall is about 560 mm. Rainfall is concentrated in the autumn-winter period, particularly in the months of November and December. Snowfall generally occurs above 500 m a.s.l.
In the summer months, from June to August (arid period), rainfall is around 100mm. The aridity index of De Martonne (P / T + 10) for Alta Murgia is 24.7: the climate of the areap can therefore also be called "subhumid" (values from 20 to 30). The winds generally come from the northern (mainly cold) or western and southern (mostly hot) quadrants; local names of the winds are "Serratina" from the north, cold and dry accompanied by frost; "Favonio" from South and South-West, hot and dry (Tedesco, 2002).
Potential vegetation is typical of the sub-Mediterranean area, with deciduous heliophilous broad-leaved trees and in particular thermophilic oaks. In the area there are signs of landscape transformations considered relatively recent, such as clearing of pastures, large infrastructures and works, mining activities, but also "historical" transformations: from general observation and historical sources, it appears that, in the past, the area had to see a substantial presence of woods, although the current pedo-climatic characteristics do not seem to suggest in this sense. It is however to be considered that the practice of deforestation, and the associated erosive phenomena, may have made important changes to the soil, the macro climate and, therefore, to the vegetation. Large trees are however present near rural buildings, farms, blades etc.
2) Human factors relevant for the link.
Important elements for the peculiarities of the wine are the grape variety and the environment, the latter also under the anthropological aspect. Indeed, the human factors present in the production area that affect the characteristics of production are very important.
Over time, alongside the ancient forms of vines and Guyot vines, traditionally adopted in the wine-growing area of Castel del Monte as a natural combination with a hot-arid environment viticulture, a gradual introduction of more expanded aimed at increasing yields. However, the conspicuous depth of the water table in the Murgese karst plateau and the high cost therefore connected to water extraction have limited the use of irrigation and, consequently, the use of expanded farming forms, generally found to be confined to the lower and fertile areas.
However, today less vigorous genotypes are also taken into consideration in order not to overly exalt the vegetative development of the vines in spring, when the soil is still equipped with a good level of humidity.
Currently, mainly vineyards with a density of 4,348 vines / hectare (2.30 m x 1.0 m) are created in the new counter-espalier plants. In cases where the form of awning remains, there is a planting density of 2,500 vines / hectare, with planting distances of 2.0 m x 2.0 m.
Most of the vineyards are grown with an easily mechanized short pruning system, such as spurred cordon, and mixed pruning systems, with a return to Guyot.
B) Information on the quality or characteristics of the product essentially or exclusively attributable to the geographical environment.
The wine referred to in this specification, presents from the analytical and organoleptic point of view, very evident and peculiar characteristics that allow a clear typology linked to the alterritory.
In particular, very balanced chemical-physical characteristics are present, from the organoleptic point of view the aromas of the prevailing grape prevail.
C) Description of the causal interaction between the elements referred to in letter A) and those of the letter B).
The "Castel del Monte" area is located in the North Western portion of the "Murgia Centrale" homogeneous viticultural basin, one of the three "homogeneous viticultural basins" identified by the Puglia Region.
In the choice of production areas, soils with good exposure suitable for quality wine production are used.
The millenary winemaking tradition of the area is attested by numerous documents of considerable historical value (monastic archives and libraries) and works of art dating back to the period of Magna Grecia (Jatta Museum), are the fundamental attestation of the close link existing between human factors and the quality and peculiar characteristics of the wine.
Man, intervening on the territory, has over time handed down the traditional cultivation and oenological techniques, which in modern times, thanks to scientific and technological progress, have been significantly improved and refined until obtaining wines that are obeyed on the day of notable fame for their particular qualities both nationally and worldwide.
References to the control structure
Name and Address: VALORITALIA s.r.l., Via Piave, 27 00187 Rome
Valoritalia s.r.l. is the competent supervisory authority, pursuant to article 13 of the legislative decree. 61/2010 (Annex 1) which verifies compliance with the provisions of this disciplinary, in accordance with article 25, par. 1, 1st paragraph, letter b) and c), and in Article 26, par. 1, of Reg. 607/2009, for the products benefiting from the DOC, through a methodology of controls throughout the entire production chain (viticulture, processing, packaging) carried out by randomly selecting a minimum number of subjects identified by means of an analysis of risk, in accordance with the aforementioned article 25, par. 1, 2nd paragraph, letter a).