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DOCG Italian Wines: Production regulations for Franciacorta DOCG wine

DOCG Italian Wines: Production regulations for Franciacorta DOCG wine

Production specification - Franciacorta DOCG

D. M. September 1, 1995 (corrected by Ministerial Decree September 2, 1996, erroneous corrige on Official Gazette no. 288 of December 11, 1995) Official Gazette 249 of 24 October 1995

Production regulations of the controlled and guaranteed designation of origin
Franciacorta

Article 1
The denomination of controlled and guaranteed Franciacorta origin is reserved for sparkling wine obtained exclusively by fermentation in the bottle, already recognized as a denomination of controlled origin with Presidential Decree of 21 July 1967 and subsequent amendments, which meets the conditions and requirements established in this production specification. .

Article 2
1. The sparkling wine with denomination of controlled and guaranteed Franciacorta origin must be obtained from grapes coming from vineyards having, within the company, the following composition of vines:
Chardonnay and / or Pinot bianco and / or Pinot nero.
2. For the production of sparkling wine with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Franciacorta rosé (rosé), the content of Pinot noir grapes must not be less than 15% of the total.
3. For the production of sparkling wine with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Franciacorta satèn (ex crémant), the use of Pinot noir grapes is not allowed.

Article 3
The production area of ​​the grapes destined for the production of sparkling wine with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Franciacorta includes the entire administrative territories of the following municipalities:
Paratico, Capriolo, Adro, Erbusco, Cortefranca, Iseo, Ome, Monticelli Brusati, Rodengo Saiano, Paderno Franciacorta, Passirano, Provaglio dIseo, Cellatica and Gussago, as well as the part of the territory of the municipalities of Cologne, Coccaglio, Rovato and Cazzago S. Martino which is located north of the state roads n. 573 and n. 11 and part of the territory of the municipality of Brescia.
This area is delimited as follows:
From the shore of Lake Iseo it follows the border of the municipality of Paratico until it meets the border of the municipality of Capriolo which it follows until it meets the border of the municipality of Adro. It follows the border of Adro towards the south until it meets the border of the municipality of Erbusco which it follows, always towards the south, passing the intersection with the municipality of Cologne which it still follows towards the south until it meets the state road Bergamo-Brescia which follows until the intersection with the border of the municipality of Ospitaletto. It follows the border of this municipality to the north until it joins the border of the municipality of Castegnato. It continues, always towards the north, the border of the municipality of Castegnato until it meets the state road n. 11 which follows eastwards passing Mandolossa and continues on the same state road to Scuole. From here, take the road north that goes to Badia up to an altitude of 133. From here, follow the road that identifies the hill of S. Anna to the east in a north-easterly direction, passing through the altitudes 136.9 - 138.8 - 140 , 2 - 150 - 160 - 157.9, until you meet the Brescia-Cellatica road that follows in the direction of Cellatica. From an altitude of 139.9, the delimitation is identified first with the municipal border of Cellatica and then with that of Gussago including the entire territory of the aforementioned two municipalities, then follows first the border of the municipality of Brione and then that of Polaveno up to the lake of Iseo. Follows the shore of Lake Iseo to Paratico.
The following territory is excluded from the production area as defined above because it is not suitable and does not have the characteristics and requirements set out in article 4, paragraphs 3 and 4 below.
Starting from the border of the province of Brescia, to the west, near the A4 motorway and the Oglio river, between the municipal borders of Palazzolo sullOglio and Capriolo, it follows the border of the municipality of Capriolo until it intersects the railway line, with which it identifies towards the north up to Paratico station, then with the state road n. 469, the provincial road n. 12 to the town of Clusane, at 193.8. Not including the whole territory of Villa Barcella, it passes through altitude 205 and intersects provincial road no. 12 at an altitude of 197; is identified with the provincial road n. 12 up to an altitude of 191 with the exclusion of the Cascina Beloardo hill and passes through the altitudes 189.9 - 188 - 195.2 thus intersecting the provincial road n. 11 southwards up to the church of S. Pietro in Lamosa and in correspondence with this, take the cart track to Casa Segaboli, then it passes for 192.3 - 189.5 - 187.5 - 198 and continues to Il Mulino, the station railway station of Provaglio, therefore coincides with the railway line to the north, until, before the town of Iseo, meets the ss 510 which follows its path until it meets the municipal border of Sulzano. It identifies with it, towards the north, up to the lake, then follows the shore of Lake Iseo up to Paratico where it meets, near Sarnico, the border of the province of Brescia with which it identifies until it reaches the border of the municipality of Capriolo where you started.

Article 4
1. The environmental and cultivation conditions of the vineyards destined for the production of Franciacorta sparkling wine with a denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin must be, in compliance with the tradition of the area and the existing vineyards, only suitable for conferring grapes, must and wine derived the specific quality characteristics.
2. They are to be considered suitable for enrollment in the register referred to in article 15 of law no. 164, only well-exposed vineyards planted on foothills and hilly terrain, mainly loose, often undergrowth, pebbly and gravelly.
3. All areas and areas located at an altitude above 496 m are to be excluded. s.l.m. because they are not suitable for the correct ripening of grapes destined for the Franciacorta controlled and guaranteed designation of origin.
4. Furthermore, all areas and areas included in the valley bottom, in wet areas because adjacent to rivers, streams and stagnant water, in heavily shaded and low-lying areas are to be excluded.
5. The planting layouts, the training systems (in espalier and pergola) and the pruning systems (short, long and mixed) must be the traditional ones and, in any case, the vineyards must be governed so as not to change the characteristics grapes, must and wine.
6. Any practice of forcing is prohibited. Rescue irrigation is allowed, provided that it is carried out so as not to alter the typicality of the wine and not more than twice per campaign.
7. The maximum production of grapes per hectare in specialized cultivation of the vineyards destined for the production of sparkling wine with the denomination of controlled and guaranteed Franciacorta origin must not exceed 100 quintals equal to a maximum of 65 hectoliters of finished wine. At this limit, even in exceptionally favorable years, the yield must be reported through an accurate selection of the grapes provided that the production does not exceed the limit by 20%.
8. The grapes must be harvested only so as not to compromise the integrity of the grapes.
9. The newly planted and replanted vineyards must be composed of a number of plants per hectare of not less than 3,300 calculated on the sixth plantation, except for the new sylvoz or pergola vineyards whose density per hectare cannot be less than 2,500 plants . The pergola system for new vineyards and replanting is allowed only on terraced land.
10. For promiscuous vineyards, the yield must be calculated in relation to the actual area covered by the vine.
11. The grapes destined for winemaking must ensure that the base wine of the Franciacorta controlled and guaranteed designation of origin has a minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of 9.5%.
12. The Lombardy Region annually, before the harvest, with its own decree, after hearing the category organizations concerned and taking into account the environmental and cultivation conditions that occurred during the year, can establish a maximum limit of grapes per hectare different from that set in the this production specification by immediately informing the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Resources and the National Committee for the protection of designations of origin and typical geographical indications of wines.

Article 5
1. The vinification, processing, bottling (draft) and bottle fermentation operations of the sparkling wine with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Franciacorta must be carried out within the production area delimited in the previous article 3.
2. However, taking into account traditional production situations, the aforementioned operations are also allowed within the territory of the hamlet of S. Pancrazio di Palazzolo sullOglio and in the entire territories of the municipalities which are only partially included in the perimeter defined.
3. Bottles that are not labeled and still in the process of being processed, that is, not suitable for direct consumption, provided that they have a crown cap bearing the logo referred to in Article 7 below and are accompanied by the appropriate accompanying document, may be disposed of only within the processing area of ​​which in the previous paragraph.
4. In winemaking only loyal and constant oenological practices, traditional in the area, capable of giving the wines their own peculiar characteristics are allowed.
5. The use of the isobaric transfer or transfer from one container to another with the use of filtration or centrifuge is prohibited.
6. For the sparkling wine with Franciacorta controlled and guaranteed designation of origin, the maximum yield of the grapes in finished wine must not exceed 65%.
7. Any surplus, as long as up to a maximum of 6% of the total finished wine, are not entitled to the denomination of controlled and guaranteed Franciacorta origin.
8. If the return exceeds the latter limit, the entire product loses the right to the controlled and guaranteed designation of origin.
9. The grapes of the vineyards registered in the Franciacorta denomination of controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin can be claimed, with the harvest choice, totally or partially in reference to the vineyards areas registered separately in the register of vineyards also for the wine of Terre di Franciacorta controlled denomination of origin. (white), but not vice versa. Furthermore, with the choice of cellar, it is possible to switch from the base wine of the denomination, of controlled and guaranteed Franciacorta origin, before the processing phases and in particular before the addition of the sugar syrup, to the still wine with the controlled denomination of origin Terre di Franciacorta ( white), but not vice versa, provided that the wine meets all the requirements set out in the disciplinary for the production of Terre di Franciacorta (white) denomination of controlled origin wine.
10. In the event that the sparkling wine does not at the end of the processing meet the requirements prescribed for maintaining the Franciacorta controlled and guaranteed designation of origin, the product in question is not entitled to the controlled and guaranteed designation of origin.
11. The preparation of the base wine can be obtained from a mixture of wines from different vintages, always in compliance with the requirements of the specification; for vintage Franciacorta it is mandatory to use at least 85% of the wine of the reference vintage.
12. The bottling of the wine being processed is allowed from February 1st following the harvest from which the youngest base wine was made.
13. Franciacorta sparkling wine with controlled and guaranteed designation of origin must be aged at least 18 months in bottle and released for consumption no earlier than 25 months from the date of the beginning of the harvest of the most recent batch of grapes.
14. Franciacorta sparkling wine with a controlled and guaranteed designation of origin can use the thousandth if the processing and aging period in the elaborated companies consists of at least thirty months of aging in bottle and is released for consumption after thirty-seven months from the starting date of the harvest of the component to which the thousandth refers.
15. In particular vintages with unfavorable climatic conditions, the Lombardy region, after careful and thorough evaluation of the product, may prohibit the use of the vintage.

Article 6
1. Sparkling wines with a denomination of controlled and guaranteed Franciacorta origin when released for consumption must meet the following characteristics in relation to the different types:
Franciacorta:
- color: more or less intense straw yellow with any green or golden reflections;
- smell: bouquet proper of the fermentation in the bottle, fine, gentle, ample and composite;
- flavor: savory, fresh, fine and harmonious;
- minimum total alcoholic strength by volume: 11.5%;
- minimum total acidity: 5.5 per thousand;
- minimum net dry extract: 15 per thousand.
Franciacorta rosé:
- color: more or less intense rosé;
- smell: bouquet proper of the fermentation in the bottle, fine, gentle, ample and composite;
- flavor: savory, fresh, fine and harmonious;
- minimum total alcoholic strength by volume: 11.5%;
- minimum total acidity: 5.5 per thousand;
- minimum net dry extract: 15 per thousand.
2. Sparkling wines with Franciacorta controlled and guaranteed designation of origin can also be released for consumption with the satèn (ex crémant) type, in accordance with the specific characteristics provided for by current legislation.
3. The Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Resources has the right to modify, with its own decree, the minimum limits relating to total acidity and net dry extract provided for in this specification.

Article 7
1. The denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin Franciacorta is allowed to add truthful indications tending to specify the activity of the bottler, such as winegrower, farm, farm, villa, agricultural estate, farm, castle, abbey and the like in compliance with the EC and national provisions in matter.
2. It is also permitted to use indications that refer to names, company names, as well as private brands, provided they are not such as to mislead the consumer.
3. The use of any qualification other than those expressly provided for in this specification is prohibited, including the adjectives grand, superior, fine, chosen, selected and similar.
4. The use of additional geographical and toponymic indications referring to administrative units, vineyards, municipalities, localities, hamlets included in the area referred to in Articles 3 and 5 is also prohibited from the controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Franciacorta, except for the toponyms included in the names of the producing farms.
5. Non-vintage sparkling wine with Franciacorta controlled and guaranteed designation of origin must not bear the year of production of the grapes.
6. The sparkling wine with a controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Franciacorta vintage can bear the year of production of the grapes.
7. For rosé Franciacorta only the rosé designation is allowed. Only Franciacorta wines referred to in article 2, paragraph 3, of this specification, can bear the designation satèn (ex crémant).
8. On the label, to identify the sparkling wine with a controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Franciacorta, it is forbidden to specify the method of elaboration and to use the term sparkling wine. In replacement, the equivalent Community abbreviation Vsqprd must be used.
9. For the qualifications referring to the flavor characteristics and their mandatory use in the presentation and designation of sparkling wine with Franciacorta controlled and guaranteed designation of origin, the provisions and limits established by the relevant Community and national legislation apply, up to the demisec flavor characteristic. .
10. The traditional specification of denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin must follow immediately below the denomination Franciacorta without interposition of other optional or mandatory terms.
11. All typological mentions and mandatory flavor qualifications must always appear with printing characters of a height and size equal to and not greater than those used for the Franciacorta denomination.
12. The controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Franciacorta is exclusively reserved for the use of a collective logo or trademark, of any size and color, registered on 22 November 1991, owned and collective right for all producers of sparkling wine with a denomination of controlled and guaranteed Franciacorta origin and consisting of a letter F (capital letter) with laced upper part and the front wording Docg written vertically on the right side of the F and Franciacorta on the left side.

Article 8.
1. The sparkling wine with Franciacorta controlled and guaranteed designation of origin, packaged in the characteristic reserved clothing, must be released for consumption in containers of nominal volume compliant with those established by the relevant EU standards and with the traditional cage-anchored cork and cork stopper mushroom indelibly marked Franciacorta visible outside.
2. It is permitted to put the Franciacorta guaranteed designation of origin on the market only in glass bottles with a capacity of 0.375 - 0.750 - 1.5 - 3 liters.
3. Furthermore, at the request of the companies concerned or the protection consortium or the inter-professional council referred to in articles 19 and 20 of the law 10 February 1992, n. 164, it can be allowed, with specific authorization from the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Resources, the use of traditional containers with a capacity of 6, 9 and above liters.

Article 9.
In compliance with article 13 of law 10 February 1992, n. 164, and for the purpose of using the controlled and guaranteed designation of origin, the sparkling wine referred to in Article 1, according to EC and national standards, must be subjected and pass a preliminary chemical-physical and organoleptic analysis to be carried out at the request of the interested parties. Pursuant to point 3 of article 23 of law 10 February 1992, n. 164, the sparkling wine with Franciacorta controlled and guaranteed designation of origin when released for consumption, in the containers and in the manner provided for in article 8 above, must be provided by the bottling companies with a label bearing a series and a number identification also unified with the VAT mark. The same marking must be applied in such a way that it cannot be reused.


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