Information

DOCG Italian Wines: Production disciplinary Suvereto DOCG

DOCG Italian Wines: Production disciplinary Suvereto DOCG

Recognition of controlled and guaranteed designations of origin of the wine
Suvereto DOCG

Article 1
The denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin "Suvereto" is reserved for red wines which correspond to the conditions and requirements established by this production specification.

Article 2
Ampelographic base
The wines with denomination of controlled origin "Suvereto" must be obtained from grapes produced in the production area delimited in the following art. 3 and coming from vineyards having, within the company, the following ampelographic composition:

Suvereto:
Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot: alone or together, up to 100%.
Non-aromatic red berried grapes from other vines suitable for cultivation for the Tuscany region can contribute to the production of these wines, alone or together, up to a maximum of 15%.

Suvereto Sangiovese:
Sangiovese: minimum 85%.
Non-aromatic red berried grapes from other vines suitable for cultivation for the Tuscany region can contribute to the production of these wines alone or together, up to a maximum of 15%.

Suvereto Merlot:
Merlot: minimum 85%
Non-aromatic red berried grapes from other vines suitable for cultivation for the Tuscany region can contribute to the production of these wines alone or together, up to a maximum of 15%.

Suvereto Cabernet Sauvignon:
Cabernet Sauvignon: minimum 85%
Non-aromatic red berried grapes from other vines suitable for cultivation for the Tuscany region can contribute to the production of these wines alone or together, up to a maximum of 15%.

The complementary vines that can be used for the production of DOCG Suvereto wines registered in the National Register of vine varieties for wine grapes approved with Ministerial Decree are listed in Annex 1 May 7, 2004 published in the Official Gazette no. 242 of October 14, 2004, and subsequent updates.

Article 3
Grape production area
The production area of ​​the grapes suitable for the production of wines with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Suvereto" falls in the province of Livorno and includes the land suited to the quality of the entire administrative territory of the municipality of Suvereto.

Article 4
Rules for viticulture
The environmental and cultivation conditions of the vineyards destined for the production of wines with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Suvereto" pursuant to art. 2 must be the traditional ones of the area or in any case suitable for giving the grapes, must and wine derived the specific quality characteristics. Therefore only those hills of suitable position and orientation with good hydraulic-agrarian arrangement are to be considered suitable for the purposes of enrollment in the register of vineyards. On the other hand, those vineyards located on excessively humid or insufficiently sunny soils and flood plains cannot be considered unsuitable, and therefore cannot be registered in the aforementioned Register.
The density of planting must be that generally used according to the specific characteristics of the grapes and wines; for new plants and replantings, the density of the strains cannot be less than 4,000 plants per hectare.
Any forcing practice is prohibited. Rescue irrigation is allowed.
The maximum yield of grapes per hectare in specialized cultivation must not exceed 9 tons.
At this limit, even in exceptionally favorable years, the yield must be reported through careful selection of the grapes, provided that the production does not exceed 20% of the limit, stopping the grape / wine yield limit for the quantities in question.
The excess of the grapes, up to a maximum of 20%, is not entitled to the denomination of origin controlled and guaranteed.
Without prejudice to the limit indicated above, the production per hectare in mixed crops must be calculated, compared to the specialized one, on the basis of the actual area covered by the vine.
For the entry into production of the new plants, the maximum production per hectare is as follows:
Year of production Grape production (tons / hectare)
I and II vegetative year 0
III vegetative year 60% of the expected production
4th vegetative year 80% of the expected production
5th vegetative year 100% of the expected production
For the purposes of entry into production, reference is made to the vegetative year (spring plant also means that carried out in the following period with potted vines).
The Tuscany region, with its own decree, after hearing the trade organizations concerned, year by year, before the harvest, taking into account the environmental and cultivation conditions, can establish a maximum limit of production that can be claimed for grapes per hectare lower than that set by this disciplinary of production, giving immediate communication to the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies and to the National Committee for the protection of designations of origin of wines.
The vintage choice, where the legal conditions exist, towards the denomination of origin "Val di Cornia" is allowed.

Article 5
Rules for winemaking
The vinification and aging operations must be carried out within the area of ​​production referred to in the previous art. 3.
In the vinification and elaboration the most rational technical criteria must be followed and the oenological practices suitable to give the final product the best quality characteristics.
Enrichment of musts and wines as per art. Is allowed 1, within the limits and conditions established by EU and national standards, with concentrated musts obtained from grapes produced in the production area delimited by the previous art. 3 or, alternatively, with rectified concentrated must or with other permitted technologies.
The grapes destined for winemaking must guarantee the wine a minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of 12.5%.
The maximum yield of grapes in finished wine must not exceed 68%. If it exceeds the limits, but not 73%, the surplus is not entitled to the controlled denomination of origin. Over 73% forfeit the right to a controlled and guaranteed designation of origin throughout the product.
The Suvereto, Suvereto Sangiovese, Suvereto merlot and Suvereto Cabernet Sauvignon wines cannot be released for consumption before June 1 of the second year following that of grape production.
The Suvereto, Suvereto Sangiovese, Suvereto Merlot and Suvereto cabernet Sauvignon wines with the reserve qualification cannot be released for consumption before 1 January of the third year following the production of the grapes, without prejudice to the mandatory minimum aging period of eighteen months in containers of oak and six months in the bottle, as specified in the following article 6.
The wine products capable of becoming wine with a controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Suvereto, Suvereto Sangiovese, Suvereto Merlot and Suvereto Cabernet Sauvignon can be classified, with the denomination of controlled origin Val di Cornia Sangiovese, Val di Cornia Merlot, and Val di Cornia Cabernet Sauvignon as long as they correspond to the conditions and requirements foreseen by the relative specification, upon communication of the holder to the competent bodies.

Article 6.
Consumer characteristics
The wines with denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin Suvereto, Suvereto Sangiovese, SuveretoMerlot and Suvereto Cabernet Sauvignon at the time of release for consumption must meet the following characteristics:

Suvereto:
color: ruby ​​red, also intense, brilliant, tending towards garnet;
smell: vinous, delicate;
flavor: dry, velvety, harmonious, full-bodied, with possible hints of wood;
minimum total alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50% vol. (13.00% vol. The reserve);
minimum total acidity: 4.5 g / l;
minimum non-reducing extract: 25 g / l.

Suvereto Sangiovese:
color: intense ruby ​​red or garnet, bright, tending to garnet;
smell: delicate, fine, characteristic;
flavor: dry, velvety, harmonious, full-bodied, with possible hints of wood;
minimum total alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50% vol. the reserve);
minimum total acidity: 4.5 g / l;
minimum non-reducing extract: 25 g / l.

Suvereto Merlot:
color: intense ruby ​​red or garnet;
smell: delicate and characteristic;
flavor: dry, harmonious, full-bodied;
minimum total alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50% vol. the reserve);
minimum total acidity: 4.5 g / l;
non-reducing extract: 25 g / l.

Suvereto Cabernet Sauvignon:
color: intense ruby ​​red or garnet;
smell: delicate and characteristic, elegant;
flavor: dry and harmonious, full-bodied;
minimum total alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50% vol. the reserve);
minimum total acidity: 4.5 g / l;
non-reducing extract: 25 g / l.

The wines with denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin Suvereto, Suvereto Sangiovese, SuveretoMerlot, and Suvereto Cabernet Sauvignon, which come from grapes whose yield per hectare is equal to 8 tons and with a minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of 13.00%, subjected to an aging period of not less than 24 months, of which at least 18 in oak containers, can qualify as "reserve".
The aging period starts on November 1st of the year of grape production.
The Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies - National Committee for Latutela and the Enhancement of Designations of Origin and Typical Geographical Indications is empowered to modify, with its own decree, the minimum limits mentioned above for total acidity and for the extraction with no minimum reducer .

Article 7
Labeling, designation and presentation
The wines with denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin Suvereto, Suvereto Sangiovese, SuveretoMerlot and Suvereto Cabernet Sauvignon are prohibited from adding any additional specification other than that provided for in this specification, including the adjectives "extra", "fine", "chosen" , "Selected" and "similar".
However, the use of indications that refer to names, company names, and private brands which are not laudatory in meaning and not suitable for misleading the consumer is permitted.
The use of additional geographical and toponymic indications which refer to administrative units, hamlets, areas, farms and localities from which the grapes from which the so qualified wine was obtained, under the conditions provided for by the ministerial decree of 22 April 1992, are also allowed.
In the designation of wines with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin Suvereto, SuveretoSangiovese, Suvereto Merlot and Suvereto Cabernet Sauvignon, the term "vineyard" can also be used provided that it is followed by the relative toponym or name, that the relative surface is clearly specified in the register of vineyards, that the winemaking, processing and preservation of the wine take place in separate containers and that this mention, followed by the toponym name, is reported both in the denunciation of the grapes, both in the records, and in the accompanying documents.
The indication of the year of production of the grapes on the label is mandatory.

Article 8.
packing
The wines with denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin Suvereto, Suvereto Sangiovese, SuveretoMerlot and Suvereto Cabernet Sauvignon can be released for consumption only in bottles of the Bordeaux or Burgundian types of nominal volume up to 5 liters of capacity, having form and clothing suited to the characters of the wines of merit.
For corking wines, a cork is required. However, for glass containers with a capacity of up to 0.375 liters, the use of other closing devices permitted by current legislation is permitted.

Article 9.
Link with the geographical environment
A) Information on the geographical area
1) Natural factors relevant for the bond.
The defined geographical area includes the territory of the Municipality of di Suvereto.
From a geological point of view we have the presence of cavernous limestones and stratified black limestones of the upper middle trias. The hilly part bordering the valley is characterized by lithologies belonging to the domains:
Toscano, Austro - Alpino and Ligure, while in the flat areas the deposits are essentially autochthonous. The characteristics of the agricultural soil of the whole area are markedly favorable to the cultivation of the vine. The texture highlights granulometric fractions represented by medium-mix, medium-sandy mix and medium-clay mix. The reaction of the soil is essentially sub-alkaline, with the presence also of neutral pH and to a lesser extent alkaline.
The presence of organic matter is generally below average as is the nitrogen supply. On the other hand, the supply of assimilable phosphorus is good and sometimes very high that of assimilable potassium and calcium.
From an agropedological point of view, a large part of the area is represented by light, sandy and deep alluvial soils - sandy, deep and fresh, and by heavy, loamy and clayey alluvial soils, deep and fresh. The climatic conditions found in the area are such as to create unabitat particularly suitable for quality viticulture. The temperatures are not particularly hostile, but rather in the spring period they favor with their mildness a balanced vegetative development, an excellent flowering and fruit set. Summer temperatures, sunshine and lighting always guarantee perfect ripening of the bunches, and the achievement of optimal ripening indexes for all varieties of cultivated vines.
Particularly damaging meteorological events such as spring frosts and prolonged droughts fall solorarily. Precipitation also has a good distribution, concentrating essentially in the early spring (March - April) and autumn (October - November) periods. The average temperature is around 14 ° and the annual rainfall does not exceed 650 mm. The area has a good temperature range which favors the natural enhancement of the aromas and flavors of the wine. In fact, due to its peculiar soil and climate characteristics, the territory is particularly called to the production of quality wines, confirming the natural predisposition of this territory to the production of quality wines with strong typical features and a strong identity.
2) Human factors relevant to the link.
The history of viticulture in Suvereto can be assimilated to that of the Val di Cornia, and as this part from far away, and is intertwined with the history of the Etruscans, of the Romans, and then passed from the low and high Middle Ages to the present day. The Roman Empire developed the cultivation of vines and the use of wine in a rational and extensive way. In the 14th century, the DellaGherardesca family, feudal owners from Cecina to Follonica, gave a further impulse to the diffusion of the wine-growing activity in Suvereto. A more substantial and extensive increase in wine and oenological activities occurred from the seventeenth century, with the birth of the Accademia deiGeorgofili and with the fragmentation of the latifundio due to the inheritance and economic failures of the owners, which gave impetus to an agricultural approach different from the past. Around 1830 the first reclamations took place, and they brought new agricultural spaces and also new vineyards and new vineyards. Emanuele Repetti in his dictionary of 1843 writes about the reclaimed land "... plains and partitioned fields of vineyards and olive groves. Now he who crossed the plain of Campiglia and the slopes of its hill would be amazed to see both covered with vineyards, olive groves ... you would have seen countryside adorned with vineyards arranged in rows, resting on the reeds (although) some modern plantations are all "Florentine use ..." At the beginning the grapes were pressed in the vineyard and then brought to the farm or to the property, where there was the large cellar. Later small cellars were made. The consumption of wine continued to have its channels: most sold in barrels, and the rest for self-consumption by the owners. The first testimonies of a certain cultural value - we have it in 1886 with the participation of five Suvereto producers in the Rome World Exposition; in 1907 some producers were at a wine competition on Tuscan wines.
With the post-war period, Suvereto producers began a gradual process of valorising and promoting wine production, and with a gradual work of qualifying the wines, in 1989 the DOC "Val di Cornia" was recognized and in 2000 the sub-area "Suvereto".
B) Information on the quality and characteristics of the product essentially or exclusively attributable to the geographical environment.
The Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin "Suvereto" refers to the typologies foreseen by the production disciplinary, which under the analytical and organoleptic aspects highlight recognizable, evident and peculiar characteristics. The same are described in art. 6 of the disciplinary. These characteristics express a clear characterization and identity of the wines linked to the geographical environment and which are expressed in all the visual, olfactory and gustatory components. On average, the wines have a modest acidity content, the color is ruby ​​red, intense and deep, and with aging it evolves towards garnet. The scent is intense, elegant, broad, with noticeable characteristics of the vines of origin. The taste is warm and dry, rightly tannic, spicy connotations and hints of wood in aged products. The wines express great characteristics
balance that highlight the perfect grape / territory interaction. The wines for which aging is expected, are enriched with time, with more intense, consistent and persistent aromas, flavors and flavors.
C) Description of the causal interaction between the elements referred to in letter A and those referred to in letter B.
The particular and optimal pedo-climatic environment of the area, particularly suited to the cultivation of the vine, contributes to determining the conditions in which the most important natural elements positively favor all the vegetative-productive functions of the plant and the perfect and balanced ripening of the fruits. In the choice of land where to place the vineyards, areas with excellent exposure and position are suitable, suitable for quality viticulture and quality. The centuries-old history of winemaking in the Suvereto area, and the continuous and positive work of man, is proof of the close connection and interaction between human factors and the quality and peculiar characteristics of "Suvereto" wines. The territory for its own and particular soil and climatic characteristics is particularly suited to the production of quality wines, confirming the natural predisposition of these territories for the production of wines with strong typical characteristics and a strong identity.
The intervention of man over the centuries has handed down and consolidated the traditional techniques of vine cultivation and wine production, which during the modern and contemporary era have been further improved and refined with scientific and technological progress, up to obtain the current renowned wines.

Article 10.
References to the control structure
Name and address: Livorno Agriculture Chamber of Commerce
Town Hall Square, 48
57123 Livorno
Tel. 0586/23111 ax 0586/231229
e-mail: [email protected] website www.li.camcom.gov.it
The control structure that carries out the activity required by EC regulation 1234/2007 for the Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin "Suvereto" is the Livorno Chamber of Commerce.
The Livorno Chamber of Commerce carries out certification and control activities on the basis of the control plan approved by the Decree of the Central Inspectorate Department for the Protection of Quality and Fraud Repression of Agri-Food Products and drawn up, in application of Legislative Decree no. 61/2010.


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