The term Clorophytum refers to a genus that brings together numerous evergreen herbaceous plants, native to southern Africa. The spider plant, also known as Chlorophyte or Clorophytum, is the best known and looks like a dense clump of fleshy, long and narrow, drooping leaves, usually light green, with yellow or white streaks. In late spring it produces long fleshy stems that bear numerous small white flowers; once the flowers wither, the stem falls back and, where it touches the ground, a new plant is formed.
These vigorously growing plants produce many roots, which usually tend to fill the pot in which they were grown; it is therefore advisable to repot it at least every two years to allow their root system to develop at their best without space constraints. Curious and worthy of attention, is the name given to the plant: "spider plant". The term derives from the fact that the stems of the plant, when they touch the ground, seem to walk like a spider. Hence the name spider plant.
In order to make our plants grow at their best, it is advisable to evaluate the type of exposure that it needs. There spider plant o Chlorophyte prefers very bright locations, but not in direct contact with the sun's rays which could damage the leaves, especially in the hottest periods of the year. In spring and summer it can also be placed outdoors, preferably in partial shade areas. It is advisable to protect it from any cold currents and in winter, instead, it should be hospitalized at home as it fears the cold.
During the growing season, water the spider plant regularly and abundantly, even if i chlorophytum they tolerate short periods of drought without problems; with the arrival of the first cold weather, decrease watering, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between one watering and another. Provide fertilizer for green plants every 20-30 days in the vegetative period, using a dose that is half the recommended amount.
The Clorophytum does not have particular needs as regards the cultivation soil, however it prefers loose and well-drained soils. These are plants that grow very quickly and it is advisable to repot the plants as the roots fill the pot in a rather short time. If not, it is possible that the roots of the chlorophytum they even break the container to try to make room for themselves.
The multiplication of the spider plant occurs by division of the tufts, in autumn. It is also possible to divide the new seedlings that are produced continuously from the mother plant, to do this it is advisable to wait until the small tufts of leaves have developed an autonomous root system. The reproduction of the chloropytum is however very simple to carry out and even the less experienced gardeners can safely try their hand at the operation obtaining excellent results.
Spider plant, Chlorophyte - Clorophytum: Pests and diseases
Clorophytum can be attacked by mites that affect the leaves and damage them. These are tiny parasitic insects which, feeding on the sap contained in the leaves of the chlorophytum, weaken the entire plant and limit its development. To solve the problem it is advisable to purchase specific pesticide products.