Genus that includes some species of perennial herbaceous plants, native to the American continent, Africa and Asia. They have erect stems, slightly arched, of a bright purple color, which form large bushes, very branched, which reach 3-3.5 meters in height; throughout the summer, until the beginning of autumn, they produce numerous white star-shaped flowers gathered in long panicles. The leaves are alternate, oval, pointed, light green in color. Towards the end of flowering, the panicles bearing the flowers are filled with small green berries, which when ripe become black or purplish; sometimes the stems carrying the inflorescences are decombent. All parts of the plant are poisonous, the young shoots are however consumed, but after being cooked.
There phytolacca it is a fairly resistant plant that does not require special care but needs a bright exposure to develop at its best. For this reason it is good to plant the shrubs of phytolacca dioica in a sunny place, even in partial shade; generally it does not fear the cold, even if some species are lively, therefore the aerial part dries up when the cold arrives.
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Plants of phytolacca they are a rather rustic and resistant species and, for this reason, they are usually satisfied with the rains, even if it is advisable to proceed with watering in case of long periods of drought in order to avoid suffering in the plant. Avoid excesses and water stagnation that would compromise health; in spring and during planting it is advisable to bury some slow release fertilizer or mature manure at the base of the bush.
The phytolacca prefers loose, deep and well-drained soils, but it develops without problems in any soil given its rusticity; before planting one phytolacca dioica it is good to work the growing medium, mixing composting soil and a little sand to the soil of the garden.
The multiplication of the phytolacca takes place by seed at the end of winter directly in the home; in autumn it is possible to remove portions of the roots, or basal shoots, and bury them directly at home. These plants self-sow easily so it is good to check that it does not become a weed in the garden.
Phytolacca - Phytolacca dioica: Parasites and diseases
The phytolacca dioica in general, being a very rustic and resistant plant, is not attacked by parasites or diseases. If you notice details that could suggest the onset of problems, it is possible to intervene with broad-spectrum pesticide products that can effectively fight diseases.