Thyme, Pepolino - Thymus vulgaris

Thyme, Pepolino - Thymus vulgaris

Thyme in the flower beds

Besides being a well-known, used and cultivated aromatic, vulgaris is also grown in the garden as an ornamental plant; it produces small rounded cushions, with erect stems, arranged to form a dense crown, with small oval or lanceolate leaves, dark green, light green, gray green. Some species have greyish foliage due to the fine hair that covers it. In late spring or summer it produces innumerable small flowers, which bloom at the apex of the branches, at the leaf axil; they are lilac or pink in color, but there are species with white or purple flowers.

The scent of the type depends on the species, thymus vulgaris and thymus serpillum produce foliage with an intense scent of thyme, a delicate and pleasant aroma; thymus cytriodora also contains geraniol and other essential oils, which give the foliage an intense lemon aroma.

The thyme species are all plants of Mediterranean origin, there are also hybrid varieties, with particular characteristics, such as variegated foliage, large flowers or compactness in development.

How it is grown

The pepolino it is a very rustic and resistant plant; it bears short periods of drought and frost without problems. It fears excessively intense frost and for prolonged periods, strong winter humidity and very prolonged summer drought.

it is generally planted in the garden, in the herb bed, or even in the beds of perennial flowers or in the rock garden, where the elegant foliage and the very prolonged flowering make thymus or pepolino a protagonist.

Generally it prefers soft and fresh soils, well drained bikes, as excess watering can lead to a rapid deterioration of the plant.

From March to September it prefers to be watered when the soil is very dry, especially if the climate is very hot; in the cold months we can avoid watering, and it can often be a good idea to cover the specimens exposed to bad weather with non-woven fabric, especially in areas with a very harsh winter climate.

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Growing tips

In spring we spread on the ground around the plants some slow release granular fertilizer, which will guarantee the right content of mineral salts for the whole summer.

The thyme tufts are generally pruned by about a half or a third, at the end of winter, to favor the development of new stems and to remove the branches damaged by cold and bad weather; in fact often the thyme, even if it is an evergreen plant, tends to lose its foliage when the climate is not ideal, therefore in case of water stagnation or prolonged drought.

Pruning the tufts in this way also prevents the lower part of the plant from lignifying, thus preventing it from stripping of the foliage, stretching excessively in height.

Often, in order to always have tender and green stems, and luxuriant foliage, we tend to periodically replace the small pepolino plants with new ones; in reality, if watered in spring, and pruned at the end of winter, the small pepolino plants can remain planted for many years, giving new luxuriant vegetation every year.

Thyme, Pepolino - Thymus vulgaris: The merits of thyme

In addition to being a beautiful, elegant and compact plant, thymus vulgaris is widely used in the kitchen, where its intense aroma accompanies meat, fish and vegetables; it is used fresh, but also dried, taking the leaves before flowering, but also the flowers, which are dried in the sun; dried thyme can be kept for months, continually emanating its particular aroma. This small plant is also used in herbal medicine, since thymol, the essential oil of which it is rich, is an excellent antiseptic, used in herbal teas or even in decoctions, against asthma and urinary tract infections.

Thymus vulgaris oil was once also used by conventional medicine, to produce disinfectants, or even in digestive tablets and toothpastes.

Video: Kekik - Catır - Güveyotu - Thymus Vulgaris (October 2021).