The roots of the name Pleiospilos derive from the Greek Pleios = many, Pilos = spots, plants with many spots. Of this plant, originally from Sub Africa, 38 species are known and belongs to the plants nicknamed stone-plants (such as Lithops). It is a succulent plant, composed of a very short stem, which in certain species does not come out of the ground. The stem usually bears groups of 2/4 fleshy leaves. It has very showy daisy-shaped inflorescences in the apical part of the plant. Cultivation is carried out in small pots (8-10 cm) using a fairly sandy mixture. Very important for these plants is drainage, which must be done by placing gravel at the bottom of the pot.
It must never drop below 6-7 ° C. In the autumn-winter months it is advisable to suspend watering, while in the warmer months it can be irrigated monthly. During the spring period Pleiospilos plants have a natural change of leaves, those of the previous year dry out, giving way to the new ones. In very hot periods it is recommended to add small quantities of fertilizer to the water.
Living stonesPlants in nature tend to adapt to the most diverse conditions; to do this many plants have taken very particular shapes, which we can hardly lead back to the concept of plan ...
It occurs by sowing or by division of the cepitous plants.
The sowing takes place in the period from March to April taking care to keep the temperature around 20 ° C.
The multiplication by division is carried out in the spring period, dividing the mother plants from the daughters, taking care to take the stem with some roots. Rooting is not difficult and after a short time you can start watering the young plants.
The best known varieties are:
Pleiospilos bolusii: Variety
P. bolusii: plant that reaches 10 cm in height, formed by 1 or 2 pairs of very squat, angular, large green-gray leaves with black spots. In the presence of strong light intensity the leaves tend to darken. Flowering is made up of yellow daisies and occurs in summer / autumn. The blooms are disproportionate to the plant, in some specimens the flowers completely cover the leaves.
P. simulans: plant very sensitive to low temperatures, minimum 6 ° C, composed of 1 or 2 pairs of gray-amber leaves, with an enlarged shape very similar to the previous variety. Plants can reach 30 cm in width but only reach 10 cm in height. Flowering occurs in the summer / autumn months, the flowers are yellow and have a coconut-like fragrance.
P. nelli: Very similar to the P. bolussi variety, but much smaller, the leaves are much more stocky and have a slightly more gray color, with the presence of many black spots. Flowering occurs in the same period as the previous species. The flower, with orange petals, is white on the inside.