Most succulent plants develop a compact root system with slow growth, for this reason they are grown in containers of modest size; despite these characteristics, succulent plants also need repotting: both to change the container, when it becomes too small to contain the entire root system, and to renew the soil it contains.
Generally repotting is done when the plants are in vegetative rest, and therefore traditionally from autumn until the end of winter, or early spring.
For plants succulent young people it is good to intervene every year too for the larger specimens, in pots for a long time, we can intervene with repotting even every 2-3 years or more.
Before extracting the plant from the old pot it is good to prepare a new container, if necessary; most plants succulent they prefer containers of modest size, where the root system does not have too much space available; therefore we choose a pot that has a diameter slightly greater than that in which the plant is contained.
We also prepare an ideal soil for our plants; succulents generally do not like humid or wet soils, therefore they need a very well drained and aerated soil. We can prepare a compost suitable for all succulents by mixing a part of poorly peaty universal soil, with a part of well-washed river sand and a part of incoherent material, such as lapilli, pozzolana or pumice stone.
The component of stones is essential to better aerate the soil, and allow the water to flow freely when we water or when the plants are subjected to bad weather.
The sand used is that of the river, because any saline residues can quickly lead to the death of the plants; moreover it is important that the sand is washed, to remove the residues of silt or dust that otherwise would excessively compact the cultivation substrate.
Succulent repotting: Repotting
We extract our succulent from the pot taking care not to damage it, in the case of plants covered by fluff or thorns we can simply grab them using a cloth, or even polystyrene or cardboard, which we will wrap around the stem, being careful not to over tighten.
Once the plant has been extracted from the pot, we try to remove the soil that nestles between the roots; let's take advantage of this moment to remove any parasites present between the roots, such as the radical cochineal, and also parts of damaged or darkened roots, which could rot inside the pot.
Once the root system has been cleaned, we place a thin layer of pumice stone (or other inconsistent material) in the pot, then fill part of the pot with the previously prepared substrate, position our plant and fill the pot up to the collar of the plant.
We avoid in every way to cover the plant beyond the collar, otherwise we could favor the development of harmful rot.
After filling the pot, let's hit it a few times on the ground, to fill any air pockets formed in the substrate.
We place the pot in a cool and dry place, and avoid watering for about 7-10 days, to allow the plant to settle.