fast-growing semi-evergreen climbing shrub, native to Brazil, with light green leaves, small cream-colored flowers, surrounded by showy fuchsia, orange or pink bracts; The bark is light brown, the branches and trunk have thorns. This plant has a climbing habit in nature, but as a bonsai it is grown with an erect bearing; it does not present many cultivation difficulties.
Pruning and exposure
Pruning: generally it is pruned in autumn, at the end of flowering; having a rapid growth, pruning must be vigorous, if the winter growth was excessive it is possible to partially prune it until the end of spring. The wire is applied only on the shoots, as the wood is very fragile and breaks easily.
Display: it can be kept in a sunny and airy position. In winter, if temperatures drop below 5-7 ° C for a long time, it is best to take it indoors, indoors or in a cold greenhouse. If the summer temperatures are too high it is advisable to shelter it from the sun.
Bougainvillea, Bougainvillea - Bougainvillea glabra: Other tips
Watering: water often during the summer months, avoiding water stagnation and letting the soil dry between one watering and another. In winter, water moderately. Add bonsai fertilizer throughout the year, avoiding the flowering period.
Soil: composed of two parts of peat, two parts of sand and one part of clay; keep the soil well drained by placing a layer of coarse sand at the bottom of the pot.
The bougainvillea are repotted every two years, at the beginning of winter, by pruning the roots.
Multiplication: occurs by cuttings, taking woody or semi-woody cuttings in spring, which must be rooted in a compound of peat and sand in equal parts.
Pests and diseases: it can be affected by iron chlorosis and root rot. Sometimes it is attacked by aphids and scale insects.